Biberach an der Riss
Biberach an der Riss (German: Biberach an der Riß), often referred to as simply Biberach (German pronunciation: [ˈbiːbəʁax]), is a town in southern Germany. It is the capital of Biberach district, in the Upper Swabia region of the German state (Land) of Baden-Württemberg. It is called Biberach an der Riss after the small river Riss which flows through the city to distinguish it from the other towns of similar names.
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Biberach an der Riss
Market and the tower of St. Martin's Church
|Subdivisions||Town centre and 4 districts|
|• Lord Mayor||Norbert Zeidler (since 2013) (No party member)|
|• Total||72.16 km2 (27.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||533 m (1,749 ft)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The districts of Biberach comprise the inner city (with the quarters Bachlangen, Bergerhausen, Birkendorf, Burren, Fünf Linden, Gaisental, Hagenbuch, Jordanbad, Mumpfental, Reichenbach and Wolfentalmühle) and its suburban, integrated villages Rissegg, Rindenmoos, Ringschnait, Stafflangen and Mettenberg.
Mixed Imperial City of Biberach an der Riss
Paritätische Reichsstadt Biberach an der Riß
|Capital||Biberach an der Riss|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• City founded
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
• Peace of Augsburg
|September 25, 1555|
• Thirty Years' War
• Peace of Westphalia
During the Protestant Reformation, Biberach was notable for being — eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Dinkelsbühl — a "Mixed Imperial City" (German: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials. This status ended in 1803, when Biberach was annexed by the Margraviate of Baden, soon to become a grand-duchy. In 1806, it was traded to the Kingdom of Württemberg in exchange for the town of Villingen; becoming part of the German Empire on its creation in 1871.
With an unemployment rate of around 3.6 percent and place of business of companies like EnBW, Handtmann, Liebherr, KaVo Dental GmbH, and Boehringer Ingelheim, Biberach is a significant industrial location in the southwest of Germany.
KaVo (Kaltenbach & Voigt) is a company producing dental medicine equipment and products like instruments, dental systems, laboratory and equipment for training centres for universities. The head office is in Biberach. In March 2004, Danaher, an American industrial company, took over KaVo.
Boehringer Ingelheim researches, develops and produces drugs. Boehringer Ingelheim was founded in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, in 1885, where the corporate headquarters are located. There are about 4,500 employees in Biberach.
The beginning of Liebherr Biberach was in 1954. The firm produces many sorts of cranes. 1,700 people and 112 trainees work there. The group's founder, Dr. Hans Liebherr, invented the mobile tower crane in 1949 in Kirchdorf/Iller.
Arts and entertainment
- Braith-Mali-Museum: The museum resides in a building from the 16th century and presents on 2,800 square meters archaeology, history, art and natural history.
- Wieland-Museum: The exhibition explores the life and work of Christoph Martin Wieland. The museum was founded in 1907 and resides in the summer house of Wieland.
The Biberacher Schützenfest is a historic festival for children and the town. The event is held annually in July and lasts nine days. The name "Schützenfest" derives from the German noun Schütze, meaning marksman. But nowadays, the crossbow competition and the appraisal of the best male and female champion shot (Schützenkönig and -königin) are only small events during the week of the Schützenfest. Other attractions and events during the festival are:
- Street parades
- Historical performances
- Theme park
- Parties in bars, cafès and so on
- Beer tent
- Children's theater (Schützentheater)
The annual Christmas market, called "Christkindlesmarkt", which lasts 16 days, is another highlight of the year. Exotic foods from Britain, France, and Italy (presented by the twin cities), kitsch, and beautiful arts and crafts are there to see and buy. People meet to drink mulled wine.
Other events in Biberach
TG Biberach 1847 e. V. is one of the biggest clubs in the region. It has more than 6,000 members and 27 divisions including American football, tennis, chess or volleyball.
IBOT Another important sports festival in Biberach is IBOT, an annual international handball tournament for youth with more than a thousand participants which takes place at Easter.
- Matthias Erzberger, German politician (1875–1921) is buried here
- Alf Bayrle, German painter and printmaker (1900–1982) was born here
- Anton Braith, German painter of animals (1836–1905), was born and died here
- Loris Karius, Liverpool F.C. goalkeeper (born 1993)
- Dirk Raudies, Grand Prix driver, (born 1964), was born here
- Harry Baer (born 1947), actor, producer, author
- Johann Melchior Dinglinger (1664–1731), jeweller at the court of Augustus II the Strong in Dresden
- Steffen Deibler (born 1987), swimmer
- Markus Deibler (born 1990), swimmer
- Eberhard Emminger (1808–1885), lithographer
- Hugo Häring (1882–1958), architect
- Justin Heinrich Knecht (1752–1817), composer, organ player, conductor
- Anton Kutter (1903–1985), regisseur and telescope constructor
Twin towns – sister cities
Asti, Italy Valence, France Telavi, Georgia Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, England, United Kingdom Świdnica, Poland
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
- "Hans Liebherr - Entrepreneur, inventor, visionary". Liebherr Group. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- Museum website (German)
- Biberacher Filmfestspiele