Bicycle parking station


A bicycle parking station is a building or structure designed for use as a bicycle parking facility. Such a facility can be as simple as a lockable bike cage or shed or as complex as a purpose-built multi-level building: the common purpose is that they provide secure bicycle parking. Bicycle parking stations also go by names such as bike stations, bicycle centers and cycle centers, among many others.

Complex: Utrecht Centraal's bicycle parking facility is the largest in the world.[1][2]
Simple: A Parkiteer e-card-accessible bike cage at Wyndham Vale station, Melbourne, Australia.
A lockable bike cage in Templin, Germany
A lockable bike box in Angermünde, Germany

Bicycle parking stations can offer additional facilities such as bicycle repairs, and customer facilities such as showers or lockers. Some are staffed while others are not. Some require users to join as members while others are on a per use basis or completely free of charge. Some are based at railway stations to facilitate "bike and ride" multi-modal transport, while others are situated at the end of the commute and as such are located in town or city centres, universities, and workplaces. Advanced bicycle parking station provide protection from weather, thieves and vandalism not only for the vehicle but also for the helmets and other personal belongings. In order to use less floor space, they store the vehicles vertically, either in a kind of towers or under the floor in shafts. It is important that the access time is short, even if several users want to store or transfer their bicycles at the same time.

Operation


Bicycle parking stations are often operated by local governments or municipalities or they can be private businesses run by bike shops or non-profit bicycle advocacy organizations. Some are fully automated.[3]

Types


There are several types of bicycle parking stations. Most bicycle parking stations are non-automatic, and the user usually leaves their bike at bicycle parking racks in the facility. These facility are usually sheltered or indoor, but unsheltered outdoor facilities also exist.

Automatic bike parking stations exist in many forms, such as underground silos using automated storage and retrieval system.[4]

Services


Bike stations may have several services connected to the facility.

Security

To prevent theft or vandalism, a bike station may have:

  • on-site staff during the day
  • a gate or door secured by key or by proximity card access.

Customer facilities

For the customer there may be additional services, such as:

  • lockers, changing rooms,
  • showers, bathrooms and toilets,
  • drinking fountains,
  • food and/or beverages, usually via vending machine
  • information available, such as pamphlets/brochures for bicycle safety, maps and other literature,e.g. about cycling routes or nearby points of interest. Some may even provide classes, e.g. bike maintenance or local area knowledge.

Bike services

Some bike stations (such as at many railway stations in the Netherlands) have staff who are able to carry out simple or complex repairs for a fee. This is very handy for commuters who can leave their bike there in the morning and pick it up fully repaired at the end of the day when on the way home. Regardless of whether repairs are available at a station or not, the station may also provide:

  • parts and accessories for sale
  • air pump for self-repair of flat tyres
  • bicycle rental.

Pricing


The most common pricing scheme for bike stations are:

  • a user pays service: the stations cost money to use, either through daily, weekly, monthly payments or through periodic memberships (though sometimes non-members can pay for daytime locker use).
  • free-of-charge service: the bike stations are usually fully paid for by the local municipality, local regional government, or by the operating company (e.g. for bicycle parking stations located at railway stations)
  • mixed system: some small charge may be required from the end-user (e.g. an administration charge) but the bulk of the operating costs are paid for by another entity.

Construction costs


  • The bike station in Washington, D.C., opened in 2009 and cost 4 million US dollars[5] for 1,700 square feet (160 m2) of space and storage for 150 bicycles.
  • The King George Square Cycle Centre in Brisbane, Queensland opened in June 2008 and cost 7 million Australian dollars.[6] It has 33 showers, 420 lockers, and parking for 420 bicycles in two-level racks.
  • The bike station at Utrecht Railway Station in the Netherlands was completed in 2019 for around €30 million and holds 12,500 bicycles, making it the world's largest. It has three levels of double-decker bike racks, connected by gentle sloping ramps.[7]
  • The RBWH Cycle Centre in Brisbane opened in November 2009[6] and cost A$8 million. It has 40 showers, more than 900 lockers, and parking for 750 bicycles.[8]
  • The Parkiteer swipe card accessible bike cages of Victoria, Australia, which have at least 26 racks in them and cost approximately $AUD110,000 each.[9]

Bicycle parking stations around the world


Radstation at Münster railway station, Germany.
Interior of Radstation in Münster, Germany.
Underground bicycle parking next to Groningen railway station.

The following is a list of selected bicycle parking stations located in several countries around the world, often at train stations.

References


  1. "Finally fully open: Utrecht's huge bicycle parking garage". BICYCLE DUTCH. 2019-08-19. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. "Bicycle parking Stationsplein | Gemeente Utrecht". www.utrecht.nl. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  3. Ogrodnik, Irene (4 December 2013). "A closer look inside Tokyo's underground bicycle parking". Global News. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  4. "JFE CYCLE TREE: Multi-level Mechanical Bicycle Parking System". Archived from the original on 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
  5. Free Wheelin' Archived 2010-01-15 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Queensland Transport Cycle Network Program: Completed Projects, accessed 11 May 2010.
  7. "Dutch take cycling to a new level, with world's biggest multistorey bike park". The Guardian.
  8. Australian Cyclist magazine Archived 2010-09-23 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 11 May 2010.
  9. "Annals of Cycling – 55". Price Tags website. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  10. "Registration and Locations". Bicycle Network Victoria. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  11. cycle2city, accessed 11 May 2010.
  12. RBWH Cycle Centre, accessed 11 May 2010; 28-1-2020.
  13. In Dutch: Project Gent Sint-Pieters: Voorstelling project, Stationsproject: Fiets, accessed 28-1-2020
  14. City of Düren/ Fahrradparkhaus accessed 2020-01-28, Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
  15. German: Radstation.de Wir werden weiter wachsen (we're growing), estimated opening in 2021, accessed 2020-01-28
  16. "Bouw ondergrondse fietsenstalling bij Amsterdam CS gestart - architectenweb.nl". architectenweb.nl. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  17. "wUrck architectuur stedenbouw landschap bv | Fietsparkeergarage Strawinskylaan - architectenweb.nl". architectenweb.nl. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  18. "Fiets stallen station Delft | Gemeente Delft". www.delft.nl. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  19. "Stadsbalkon". Groningen fietsstad (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  20. "ProRail - Ondergrondse fietsenstalling Maastricht geopend". ProRail (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  21. "Fiets stallen | Gemeente Nijmegen". www.nijmegen.nl. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  22. Rotterdam, Gemeente. "Fietsenstalling Centraal station | Rotterdam.nl". Gemeente Rotterdam (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  23. "Megafietsenstalling bij Den Haag Centraal na coronacrisis eindelijk open". Omroep West (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  24. "Nieuwe fietsenstalling station Tilburg noordzijde is open". Nieuwe fietsenstalling station Tilburg noordzijde is open (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  25. "ProRail - Hypermoderne fietsenstalling station Tilburg geopend". ProRail (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  26. See: Utrecht to build world's biggest bike park - for 12,500 bikes, DutchNews.nl, Sunday 27 April 2014. Accessed on 28 April 2014.
  27. Bicycle Dutch, 20-8-2019: Finally fully open: Utrecht's huge bicycle parking garage, accessed 28-1-2020
  28. "ProRail - Nieuwe fietsenstalling Jaarbeursplein Utrecht geopend". ProRail (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  29. "Dit is de nieuwe Knoop-stalling met 3200 fietsenrekken in Utrecht". NU (in Dutch). 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  30. "Bouw fietsenstalling, herinrichting Stationsplein en Stationsweg | Gemeente Zwolle". www.zwolle.nl. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  31. Biceberg photo gallery
  32. "Bike Parking". translink.ca. Retrieved 2020-06-20.