Biennio Rosso

The Biennio Rosso (English: "Red Biennium" or "Two Red Years") was a two-year period, between 1919 and 1920, of intense social conflict in Italy, following the First World War.[1] The revolutionary period was followed by the violent reaction of the Fascist blackshirts militia and eventually by the March on Rome of Benito Mussolini in 1922.

Biennio Rosso
Part of the Revolutions of 1917–23
Armed workers occupying factories in Milan, September 1920
Date1919–1920
Location
Caused byThe economic crisis in the Aftermath of World War I, with high unemployment and political instability
MethodsMass strikes, worker manifestations as well as self-management experiments through land and factory occupations
Resulted inThe revolutionary period was followed by the violent reaction of the Fascist blackshirts militia and eventually by the March on Rome of Benito Mussolini in 1922.
Parties to the civil conflict

Revolutionaries

Factories manned by the Red Guards in 1920