Bikini Atoll

Bikini Atoll (/ˈbɪkɪˌn/ or /bɪˈkni/; Marshallese: Pikinni, [pʲiɡinnʲi], meaning "coconut place"),[2] sometimes known as Eschscholtz Atoll between the 1800s and 1946[3] is a coral reef in the Marshall Islands consisting of 23 islands surrounding a 229.4-square-mile (594.1 km2) central lagoon. After the Second World War, the atoll's inhabitants were forcibly relocated in 1946,[4] after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until 1958.

Bikini
Pikinni Atoll, Eschscholtz Atoll
Bikini Atoll. Two craters from Operation Castle can be seen on the northwest cape of the atoll, adjacent to Namu island. The larger is from the 15 Mt Bravo shot, with the smaller 11 Mt Romeo crater adjoining it.
Nickname: 
Kili
Motto: 
Men otemjej rej ilo bein anij
Anthem: Ij Jab Ber Emol
Map of the Marshall Islands showing Bikini
Map of Bikini Atoll
Bikini
Location of Bikini Atoll
Bikini
Bikini (Pacific Ocean)
Coordinates: 11°35′N 165°23′E
CountryRepublic of the Marshall Islands
Area
  Land6 km2 (2.3 sq mi)
Population
  Total5 caretakers[1]
 Population relocated in 1948
Resettled population evacuated in 1980
Official nameBikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site
CriteriaCultural: iv; vi
Reference1339
Inscription2010 (34th Session)
Bikini
Location of Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean

The atoll is at the northern end of the Ralik Chain, approximately 530 miles (850 km) northwest of the capital Majuro. Three families were resettled on Bikini island in 1970, totaling about 100 residents, but scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium-90 in well water in May 1977, and the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium-137 in their bodies. They were evacuated again in 1980. The atoll is occasionally visited today by divers and a few scientists, and is occupied by a handful of caretakers.


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