Billericay (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Basildon and Billericay|
South Basildon and East Thurrock
Rayleigh and Wickford
|Created from||Basildon and Thurrock|
|Created from||South East Essex|
The seat was first created as a county constituency for the 1950 general election under the Representation of the People Act 1948, as a successor to the abolished seat of South East Essex. The First Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies brought in for the 1955 general election resulted in major boundary changes and it was abolished by the Second Review for the February 1974 general election.
Boundaries and boundary changes
Formed from the abolished South-Eastern Division of Essex, excluding the Rural District of Rochford.
Benfleet, Canvey Island and Rayleigh (together with Rochford) now formed the re-established County Constituency of South East Essex. Billericay was combined with Brentwood, which had previously been included in Romford.
On abolition, the Urban District of Billericay, which had been reconstituted as the Urban District of Basildon, formed the new Borough Constituency of Basildon. The Urban District of Brentwood formed the basis for the new County Constituency of Brentwood and Ongar.
1983–1997: The District of Basildon wards of Billericay East, Billericay West, Burstead, Laindon, Wickford North, and Wickford South, and the Borough of Thurrock wards of Corringham and Fobbing, Orsett, Stanford-le-Hope, and The Homesteads.
Major realignment of boundaries with Basildon; Pitsea was transferred from Basildon in exchange for the northern part of the Borough of Thurrock.
The seat was abolished once again for the 2010 general election. The majority, comprising Billericay, Burstead and Laindon, was included in the new Borough Constituency of Basildon and Billericay; Pitsea was included in the new County Constituency of South Basildon and East Thurrock; and Wickford was included in the new County Constituency of Rayleigh and Wickford.
Changes proposed for 2022
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals had been approved by Parliament they would of reduced the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which had been due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission had recommended that a constituency named Billericay be re-established. This would include Billericay, Burstead and Laindon from the abolished Basildon and Billericay constituency, together with South Woodham Ferrers and rural areas to the south of Chelmsford, transferred from Maldon. The village of Writtle would be transferred from Saffron Walden.
Members of Parliament
Billericay has elected somewhat colourful characters to Westminster, namely Harvey Proctor, the right-wing MP who resigned after homosexual sex charges, and Teresa Gorman, the Maastricht rebel who stood down after accusing the Commons Standards and Privileges committee of sexism over questions surrounding her registered business dealings.
|Feb 1974||constituency abolished: see Basildon|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Basildon and Billericay|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour Co-op||Albert Oram||19,437||41.3|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Labour Co-op||Brian Clapham||20,613||43.3||+2.0|
|Labour Co-op||Brian Clapham||20,121||45.3||+2.0|
|Labour Co-op||Rita Smythe||24,402||38.8||−6.5|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Edward Lucas Gardner||35,347||44.3||−2.1|
|Labour Co-op||Rita Alison Smythe||33,755||42.3||+3.5|
|Conservative||Edward Lucas Gardner||38,371||44.63||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Francis Bellard||14,912||22.5||−3.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Geoff Williams||8,763||15.8||−6.5|
|Loyal Conservative||Brian Hughes||3,377||6.1||New|
|ProLife Alliance||John Buchanan||570||1.0||New|
|Conservative hold||Swing||- 17.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Francis Bellard||6,323||13.9||−1.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Mike Hibbs||6,471||13.2||−0.7|
Notes and references
- "'Billericay', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review (September 2016). "Final recommendations report" (PDF).
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.