Bitola

Bitola (/ˈbtlə, -tələ/;[2] Macedonian: Битола [ˈbitɔɫa] (listen)) is a city in the southwestern part of North Macedonia. It is located in the southern part of the Pelagonia valley, surrounded by the Baba, Nidže and Kajmakčalan mountain ranges, 14 kilometres (9 miles) north of the Medžitlija-Níki border crossing with Greece. The city stands at an important junction connecting the south of the Adriatic Sea region with the Aegean Sea and Central Europe, and is an administrative, cultural, industrial, commercial, and educational centre. It has been known since the Ottoman period as "The City of The Consuls", since many European countries had consulates in Bitola.

Bitola
Битола (Macedonian)
Bitola
Nickname(s): 
Градот на конзулите "The City of Consuls"
Motto(s): 
Bitola, babam Bitola
Bitola
Coordinates: 41°01′55″N 21°20′05″E
Country North Macedonia
Region Pelagonia
Municipality Bitola
Government
  MayorNataša Petrovska (SDSM)[1]
Area
  Town2,637 km2 (1,018 sq mi)
Elevation
576 m (1,890 ft)
Population
 (2002)
  Town74,550
  Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
  Metro
105,644
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
7000
Area code(s)+389 (0)47
Car platesBT
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.bitola.gov.mk

Bitola, known during the Ottoman Empire as Manastır or Monastir, is one of the oldest cities in North Macedonia. It was founded as Heraclea Lyncestis in the middle of the 4th century BC by Philip II of Macedon. The city was the last capital of Ottoman Rumelia, from 1836 to 1867. According to the 2002 census, Bitola is the second-largest city in the country.[3] Bitola is also the seat of the Bitola Municipality.