Black British people

Black British people are British citizens of either African descent or of Black African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background.[5] The term Black British developed in the 1950s, referring to the Black British West Indian people from the former Caribbean British colonies in the West Indies (ie, the New Commonwealth) now referred to as the Windrush Generation and people from Africa, who are residents of the United Kingdom and are British. Black people with connections to Liverpool are also placed under this classification. It is also sometimes used to refer to the United Kingdom's Asian population, particularly those from India, Pakistan or Bangladesh.[6][7]

Black British people
Total population
1,904,684 (3.0%)
(2011 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
United Kingdom
England1,846,614 (3.5%) (2011 census)
Scotland36,178 (0.7%) (2011 census)[note 1]
Wales18,276 (0.6%) (2011 census)
Northern Ireland3,616 (0.2%) (2011 census)[1]
English (British English, Black British English, Caribbean English, African English), Creole languages, French, languages of Africa, other languages
Predominantly Christianity (69%);
minority follows Islam (15%), Traditional African religions and other faiths (8%) or are irreligious (6%)
2011 census, Great Britain only[4]
  1. For the purpose of harmonising results to make them comparable across the United Kingdom, the ONS includes individuals in Scotland who classified themselves in the "African" category (29,638 people), which in the Scottish version of the census is separate from "Caribbean or Black" (6,540 people),[2] in this "Black or Black British" category. The ONS note that "the African categories used in Scotland could potentially capture White/Asian/Other African in addition to Black identities".[3]

The term black has historically had a number of applications as a racial and political label and may be used in a wider sociopolitical context to encompass a broader range of non-European ethnic minority populations in Britain. This has become a controversial definition.[8] Black British is one of various self-designation entries used in official UK ethnicity classifications.

Black residents constituted around 3 per cent of the United Kingdom's population in 2011. The figures have increased from the 1991 census when 1.63% of the population were recorded as Black or Black British to 1.15 million residents in 2001, or 2 per cent of the population, this further increased to just over 1.9 million in 2011. Almost 97% of Black Britons live in England, particularly in England's larger urban areas, with most (over a million) Black British living in Greater London.