Black Country

The Black Country is an area of the West Midlands county,[2] in the United Kingdom covering most of the Metropolitan Boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, and some minor parts of Walsall. Dudley and Tipton are generally considered to be the centre.[3] It became industrialised during its role as one of the birth places of the Industrial Revolution across the English Midlands with coal mines, coking, iron foundries, glass factories, brickworks and steel mills, producing a high level of air pollution.

Black Country
The Black Country in the 1870s
Etymology: Effects of industry or coal mining
The metropolitan boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and the City of Wolverhampton highlighted within the West Midlands metropolitan county
Coordinates: 52°32′N 2°2′W
  Total138 sq mi (360 km2)
Highest elevation
889 ft (271 m)

The name dates from the 1840s,[4] and is believed to come from the soot that the heavy industries covered the area in, although the 30-foot-thick coal seam close to the surface is another possible origin. [citation needed]

The 14-mile (23 km) road between Wolverhampton and Birmingham was described as "one continuous town" in 1785.[5]