Black Sea Fleet

The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот, Chernomorsky Flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Mediterranean Sea.

Black Sea Fleet
Russian: Черноморский Флот
Chernomorsky Flot
Great emblem of the Black Sea fleet
ActiveMay 13, 1783–present
Allegiance Russian Empire
(1783–1918)
Soviet Russia
(1918–1922)
Soviet Union
(1922–1991)
Russian Federation
(1991–present)
Branch Russian Navy
RoleNaval warfare;
Amphibious military operations;
Combat patrols in the Black Sea;
Naval presence/diplomacy missions in the Mediterranean and elsewhere
Size25,000 (including marines)[1]
c. 41-43 surface warships (surface combatants, amphibious, mine warfare) plus support and auxiliaries
6-7 submarines (2020)[2][3]
Part of Russian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQSevastopol (HQ), Feodosia (Crimea)
Novorossiysk, Tuapse, Temryuk (Krasnodar Krai)
Taganrog (Rostov Oblast)
AnniversariesMay 13
EngagementsBattle of Kerch Strait
Crimean War
Russo-Japanese War
World War I
Russian Civil War
World War II
Yom Kippur War
Russo-Georgian War
Russian military intervention in Ukraine
2014 annexation of Crimea
Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War
Commanders
Current
commander
Adm. Igor Osipov
Notable
commanders
Grigory Potemkin
Adm. Fyodor Ushakov
Adm. Alexander Menshikov
Adm. Yevgeni Alekseyev
Adm. Alexander Kolchak
Adm. Ivan Yumashev
Adm. Filipp Oktyabrskiy
Adm. Lev Vladimirsky
Fleet Adm. Sergey Gorshkov
Fleet Adm. Vladimir Kasatonov
Adm. Vladimir Masorin
Navies of Russia

Tsardom of Russia

Russian Empire

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Russian Federation

The fleet traces its history to its founding by Prince Potemkin on May 13, 1783. The Russian SFSR inherited the fleet in 1918; with the founding of the Soviet Union in 1922 it became part of the Soviet Navy. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 the Russian Federation inherited the Black Sea Fleet and most of its vessels.

The Black Sea Fleet has its official primary headquarters and facilities in the city of Sevastopol (Sevastopol Naval Base). The remainder of the fleet's facilities are based in various locations on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, including Krasnodar Krai, Rostov Oblast and Crimea. The current commander, Admiral Igor Vladimirovich Osipov, has held his position since May 2019.