Bliss is the leading UK charity for babies born premature or sick. It supports families with a baby in neonatal care, works with health professionals to provide training and improve care for babies, campaigns for improved hospital resources across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and is actively involved in pioneering neonatal research.
This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (May 2018)
|Legal status||Registered charity no. 1002973|
|Purpose||Bliss exists to ensure that every baby born premature or sick in the UK has the best chance of survival and quality of life.|
|England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Channel Islands|
It exists to give every baby born premature or sick in the UK the best chance of survival and quality of life.
Its Chief Executive is Caroline Lee-Davey.
Bliss was founded in 1979 when a letter was sent to the Daily Telegraph in response to a story on neonatal intensive care units. The article said that no hospital had all the equipment it needed to safely care for the premature and sick babies in their care. Allan Chilvers suggested setting up a society to raise funds for life-saving equipment like incubators for premature babies and Bliss (Baby Life Support Systems) was born. In five years Bliss raised £750,000 and donated equipment to 82 hospitals.
The 1990s saw the introduction of artificial pulmonary surfactants and antenatal steroids which reduced infant mortality and meant more premature babies began to survive. During this decade, Bliss was chosen as the charity for the Blue Peter appeal twice, raising £2.7 million and helping to raise awareness about underfunding in neonatal intensive care units.
In 2000 Bliss ran a campaign to show that neonatal units in the UK were relying on the charity for equipment, rather than the NHS. The story made the front page of the Daily Express and £6.5 million was then announced for neonatal intensive care. From then on, Bliss decided to spend less money on equipment and started funding medical training and research.
In the UK, 300 babies are admitted into neonatal care each day, roughly 100,000 each year, or one every five minutes. Bliss champions their right to receive the best care by providing information and support to families, influencing policy and practice, and enabling life-changing research.
Services for families
Bliss provides support for families through an email helpline, parent forum (in partnership with Netmums), information on their website, and through volunteers who provide face-to-face support on the neonatal unit. It also provides free information on subjects such as kangaroo care, and weaning a premature baby, as well as Little Bliss magazine which is full of real life stories and top tips from parents and healthcare professionals.
Improving care on neonatal units
Bliss champions family-centred care, an approach which can lower a baby’s stress levels, shorten hospital stays, reduce hospital readmissions and improve long-term health outcomes by supporting parents to provide hands on care when they are in hospital.
The Bliss Baby Charter[permanent dead link] is a practical framework to assess neonatal units on their delivery of family-centred care. It encourages units to improve care through a series of audits, and awards units for delivering family-centred care to an excellent standard.
Bliss raise awareness of the issues affecting babies in neonatal care by campaigning for change within government and the NHS. In February 2014 Bliss launched a campaign urging for more financial help for families with babies in hospital, called 'It's not a game: the very real costs of having a premature or sick baby'.
Bliss released the Bliss Baby Report for England in 2015, shortly followed by Bliss Baby Report: time for change for Wales in 2016, and the Bliss Scotland Baby Report in January 2017. They found that neonatal services in both England and Scotland are lacking enough nurses and doctors to meet standards for high-quality care. Along with this, services are also struggling to give parents enough practical support to care for their baby, such as free overnight accommodation and support with meal costs.
Bliss also campaign for flexibility in the school starting age. This has led to a revised English School Admissions Code in December 2014, alongside updated guidance, Advice on the Admission of Summer Born Children. Furthermore, in September 2015, Nick Gibb MP released an open letter stating his intention to make further changes to the School Admissions Code so summer-born children can automatically start reception at five years old. He has committed to considering allowing due date, rather than birth date, to be used when making admissions decisions.
The Parental Bereavement (Pay and Leave) Bill for which Bliss campaigned became an Act of Parliament on 13 September 2018. Bliss continues to campaign for an extension to parental leave and pay for parents whose babies are in neonatal care. The Government launched a consultation into these proposals in July 2019.
Bliss works in partnership to promote and support best practice in neonatal care, and is currently involved in over £10.1 million of research which is responsible for significant improvements in the care and treatment of babies born premature or sick. Here are some of the research projects Bliss are involved with.
The Epicure Study
Since 1995 Bliss has supported the EPICure study, the longest running study into prematurity in the world, which tracks the chances of survival and later health status of babies born at less than 26 weeks gestational age. This study is helping to inform healthcare and education services to ensure the right support is provided at all times for premature and sick babies as they grow towards adulthood.
Standardised Concentrate with Added Macronutrients Parenteral (SCAMP Study)
The heads of babies that are born extremely premature (less than 29 weeks) do not grow very well, which affects how their brains develop later. Many of these babies are fed intravenously, directly into a vein, in the first month of life as their gut is too immature to digest milk in high enough quantities for their nutritional needs. The SCAMP study, which was funded by Bliss, wanted to investigate whether improving the nutritional content of the babies’ intravenous feeds improves early head growth, which could affect brain development and ultimately the future quality of life for very premature babies.
Results: The study showed head growth in the first 28 days of life can be improved by increasing the protein and energy content of the intravenous feed in babies less than 29 weeks, which continues up to 36 weeks. Other studies have found that there is a link between head circumference and IQ, and it is also believed that this increased brain growth could prevent learning difficulties and cerebral palsy.
The CoMPaSS (Concentrated Macronutrients in Parenteral Standardised Solutions) neonatal nutrition project
Following on from the excellent findings of the SCAMP study, lead researcher Dr Colin Morgan and his team will work to roll out the concentrated version of TPN to several units in the North West of England.
World Prematurity Day
17 November is World Prematurity Day. Bliss marks this international awareness day with other organisations from around the world. The group of organisations is known as the World Prematurity Network and is made up of consumer and parent groups that are leaders in addressing preterm birth in their countries. Members of the World Prematurity Network call for actions to prevent preterm birth and to improve care for babies born premature.
As well as Bliss, the World Prematurity Network includes:
- The March of Dimes Foundation (United States)
- The European foundation for the care of newborn infants (EFCNI)
- The National Premmie Foundation (Australia)
- Little Big Souls (Africa)
- Borngreat Foundation (United States)
- Canadian Premature Babies Foundation (Canada)
- Home for Premature Babies (China)
- Con Amor Venceras (Mexico)
- Prematuridade (Brazil)
In 2016 Bliss raised over £12,000 from their World Prematurity campaign that focused on the need for high quality, family-centred care for all premature babies. Watch the family-centred care video here.[permanent dead link]
- Chilvers, A, 1979. A reader’s response: a plea to save babies’ lives. The Daily Telegraph, 24 Aug
- "Infant journal - for neonatal nursing and paediatric healthcare professionals". www.infantgrapevine.co.uk.
- Ellis, R, 2000. NHS Puts Babies Lives in Hand of Charities. Daily Express, 2 Oct. p1
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original Archived 2012-03-02 at the Wayback Machine on 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original Archived 2012-03-02 at the Wayback Machine on 2010-11-12. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-10-15.
- "Bliss Starting School". Bliss.
- "Nick Gibb MP open letter".
- "Parental Bereavement Leave and Pay Bill".
- "Prime Minister Calls for Greater Equality in Parental Leave".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-22. Retrieved 2014-10-22.
- "Bliss Research".
- "EFCNI - European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants Home". www.efcni.org.
- "National Premmie Foundation". National Premmie Foundation.
- "Little Big Souls - The Voice for the Premature Baby Born in Africa". www.littlebigsouls.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2014-10-22.
- "Borngreat Foundation". www.borngreatfoundation.org.
- "Canadian Premature Babies Foundation – CPBF – FBPC". cpbf-fbpc.org.
- "Con Amor Vencerás, Primero lo Primero!". www.conamorvenceras.org.
- www.studiogt.com.br, STUDIOGT - Desenvolvimento de sites -. "Prematuridade.com - Associação Brasileira de Pais, Familiares, Amigos e Cuidadores de Bebês Prematuros". prematuridade.com.