Bloemfontein, (/ˈblmfɒntn/ BLOOM-fon-tayn;[3][4] Afrikaans: [ˈblumfɔntɛin]) also known as Bloem, is the capital and the largest city of the Free State province. It is often, and has been traditionally referred to as the country's "judicial capital", alongside the legislative capital Cape Town and administrative capital Pretoria, although the highest court in South Africa, the Constitutional Court has been in Johannesburg[5][6][7] since 1994.

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From top to bottom, left to right: Skyline view of Bloemfontein, Supreme Court of Appeal, Naval Hill Planetarium, Bloemfontein City Hall, and the National Afrikaans Literary Museum and Research Centre.
Coat of arms of Bloemfontein
City of Roses
Bloemfontein is located in Free State (South African province)
Bloemfontein is located in South Africa
Bloemfontein is located in Africa
Coordinates: 29°07′S 26°13′E
Country South Africa
ProvinceFree State
  TypeMetropolitan municipality
  MayorMxolisi Siyonzana (ANC)
  City236.17 km2 (91.19 sq mi)
6,283.99 km2 (2,426.26 sq mi)
1,395 m (4,577 ft)
  Density3,100/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
  Metro density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
First languages (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
PO box
Area code051
HDI (2012)Increase 0.860
very high
Water HardnessLevel 3 (average)

Situated at an elevation of 1,395 m (4,577 ft) above sea level, the city is home to approximately 700,000(as of 2022)[7] residents and forms part of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality which has a population of 938727.[8] It was one of the host cities for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

The city of Bloemfontein hosts the Supreme Court of Appeal, the Franklin Game Reserve,[9] Naval Hill, the Maselspoort Resort and the Sand du Plessis Theatre. The city hosts numerous museums, including the National Women's Monument, the Anglo-Boer War Museum, the National Museum, and the Oliewenhuis Art Museum. Bloemfontein also hosts the first digital planetarium in the southern hemisphere, the Naval Hill Planetarium and Boyden Observatory, an astronomical research observatory.

Bloemfontein is popularly and poetically known as "the city of roses", for its abundance of these flowers and the annual rose festival held there.It is the largest city in the Free State province of South Africa.The city is situated in the middle of the country, hence it is referred to as 'Central South Africa'. [10][11][12] The city's Sesotho name is Mangaung, meaning "place of cheetahs".

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Bloemfontein, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.