Bogor (Sundanese: ᮘᮧᮌᮧᮁ, Dutch: Buitenzorg) is a landlocked city in the West Java province, Indonesia. Located around 60 kilometers (37 mi) south of the national capital of Jakarta, Bogor is the 6th largest city of Jakarta metropolitan area and the 14th nationwide. The city covers an area of 118.50 km2, and it had a population of 950,334 at the 2010 Census and 1,043,070 at the 2020 Census. Bogor is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort.
|City of Bogor|
Kota Hujan (City of Rain)
Dinu kiwari ngancik nu bihari seja ayeuna sampeureun jaga
(Preserving the past, serving the people, and facing the future)
|Other names||Pakuan Pajajaran (1482−1746)|
|• Mayor||Bima Arya (PAN)|
|• Vice Mayor||Dedie A. Rachim|
|• Total||118.50 km2 (45.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||265 m (869 ft)|
|• Density||8,800/km2 (23,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (IWST)|
16100 to 16169
|Area code||(+62) 251|
In the Middle Ages, the city served as the capital of Sunda Kingdom (Indonesian: Kerajaan Sunda) and was called Pakuan Pajajaran or Dayeuh Pakuan. During the Dutch colonial era, it was named Buitenzorg (meaning "Without worries" in Dutch) and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General of Dutch East Indies.
With several hundred thousand people living on an area of about 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi), the central part of Bogor is one of the world's most densely populated areas. The city has a presidential palace and a botanical garden (Indonesian: Kebun Raya Bogor) – one of the oldest and largest in the world. It bears the nickname "Rain City" (Kota Hujan), because of frequent rain showers, even during dry season.