Bongbong Marcos

Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr.[2][3] (English: /ˈmɑːrkɔːs/ MAR-kawss,[4] Tagalog: [ˈmaɾkɔs]; born September 13, 1957), commonly referred to as Bongbong Marcos or BBM, is a Filipino politician who is the presumptive president-elect of the Philippines.[5][6][7] He previously served as a senator from 2010 to 2016. He is the second child and only son of former president, dictator and kleptocrat[8] Ferdinand Marcos Sr. and former first lady and convicted criminal[9][10] Imelda Romualdez Marcos.[2]

Bongbong Marcos
Marcos in 2012
President-elect of the Philippines
Assuming office
June 30, 2022
Vice PresidentSara Duterte (presumptive)
SucceedingRodrigo Duterte
Senator of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 2010  June 30, 2016
Member of the
Philippine House of Representatives
from Ilocos Norte's 2nd district
In office
June 30, 2007  June 30, 2010
Preceded byImee Marcos
Succeeded byImelda Marcos
In office
June 30, 1992  June 30, 1995
Preceded byMariano Nalupta Jr.
Succeeded bySimeon Valdez
Governor of Ilocos Norte
In office
June 30, 1998  June 30, 2007
Preceded byRodolfo Fariñas
Succeeded byMichael Marcos Keon
In office
March 23, 1983  1986
Preceded byElizabeth Keon
Succeeded byCastor Raval (OIC)
Vice Governor of Ilocos Norte
In office
1980  March 23, 1983
Personal details
Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr.

(1957-09-13) September 13, 1957 (age 64)
Manila, Philippines
Political partyPFP (2021–present)
Nacionalista (2009–2021)
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (1980–2009)
(m. 1993)
Parent(s)Ferdinand Marcos Sr.
Imelda Marcos
RelativesMarcos family
Alma materSt Edmund Hall, Oxford (special diploma)
Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania (did not graduate)

In 1980, the 23-year-old Marcos Jr. became vice governor of Ilocos Norte, running unopposed with the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party of his father, who was ruling the Philippines under martial law at the time.[11] He then became governor of Ilocos Norte in 1983, holding that office until his family was ousted from power by the People Power Revolution and fled into exile in Hawaii in February 1986.[12] After the death of his father in 1989, President Corazon Aquino eventually allowed the remaining members of the Marcos family to return to the Philippines to face various charges.[13] He and his mother are currently facing arrest in the United States and its territories for defying a court order to pay US$353 million in restitution to human rights abuse victims of his father's dictatorship.[14]

Marcos was elected as representative of Ilocos Norte's 2nd congressional district from 1992 to 1995. Marcos ran for and was elected governor of Ilocos Norte again in 1998. After nine years, he returned to his previous position as representative from 2007 to 2010, then became senator under the Nacionalista Party from 2010 to 2016.[15] In 2015, Marcos ran for vice president in the 2016 election. With a difference of 263,473 votes and 0.64 percent difference, Marcos lost to Camarines Sur representative Leni Robredo.[16] In response, Marcos filed an electoral protest at the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. His petition was later unanimously dismissed after the pilot recount of the chosen provinces of Negros Oriental, Iloilo and Camarines Sur resulted in Robredo widening her lead by 15,093 additional votes.[17][18]

In 2021, Marcos announced that he would run for president of the Philippines in the 2022 election, under the Partido Federal ng Pilipinas (PFP),[19] which he won.[5] His camp received criticism from fact-checkers and disinformation scholars, who found his campaign to be driven by historical negationism aimed at revamping the Marcos brand and smearing his rivals.[20] His campaign has also been accused of whitewashing the human rights abuses and plunder that took place during his father's presidency.[20] The Washington Post has noted how the historical distortionism of the Marcoses has been underway since the 2000s, while The New York Times cited his convictions of tax fraud, including his refusal to pay his family's estate taxes, and misrepresentation of his education at the University of Oxford.[21][22] Protests have been formed rejecting the results that legitimize the "dictator's son" and the return of "the Marcos dynasty" after the May 2022 elections.[23] [24]

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