Bopomofo (Chinese: 注音符號; pinyin: zhùyīnfúhào; Wade–Giles: chu⁴yin¹fu²hao⁴, or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols, also named Zhuyin (Chinese: 注音; pinyin: zhùyīn), is a major Chinese transliteration system for Mandarin Chinese and other related languages and dialects that is nowadays most commonly used in Taiwanese Mandarin. It is also used to transcribe other varieties of Chinese, particularly other varieties of Mandarin Chinese dialects, as well as Taiwanese Hokkien. Consisting of 37 characters and four tone marks, it transcribes all possible sounds in Mandarin.
|Script type||onsets and rhymes; diacritics for tones)|
|Creator||Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation|
Introduced by the Beiyang government of the Republic of China
|1918 to 1958 in mainland China (used supplement Hanyu Pinyin in all editions of Xiandai Hanyu Cidian from 1960 to present 2016 edition);|
1945 to the present in Taiwan
|Taiwanese Phonetic Symbols, Suzhou Phonetic Symbols, Hmu Phonetic Symbols|
|Simplified Chinese, Kanji, Hanja, Chữ Nôm, Khitan script|
|ISO 15924||Bopo, 285 , Bopomofo|
|Mandarin Phonetic Symbol|
Bopomofo was introduced in China by the Republican Government in the 1910s and used alongside the Wade–Giles system, which used a modified Latin alphabet. Bopomofo is an official transliteration system in Taiwan, widely used as the main electronic input method for Mandarin Chinese in Taiwan and in dictionaries and other documents.