Borjgali


Borjgali (Georgian: ბორჯღალი; also Borjgala or Borjgalo) is a Georgian symbol of the Sun and eternity.[1][2] The borjgali is often represented with seven rotating wings over the tree of life which can be used to create various shapes and variations and can be considered as a main symbol of Georgian culture.[3]

Etymology


The term Borjgali is believed to derive from Megrelian word ბარჩხალი (barchkhali), which literally means "strong shining". Some other scholars believe that it has different origins. In old Megrelian borj means "time" and gal means "pass" or "flow". So the whole phrase would mean "the flow of time".

Usage


This pre-Christian symbol was widely used in both western (Colchis) and eastern Georgia (in Georgian architecture's Dedabodzi ("mother-pillar") as part of a Darbazi in the Kura–Araxes culture) as a holy symbol.[4] During the medieval period, this symbol was incorporated as a part of Christian symbolism Nowadays, the symbol is used in Georgian IDs and passports, as well as on currency and by the Georgian Rugby Union. Georgian rugby team players are called ბორჯღალოსნები (borjgalosnebi), which means "Men bearing Borjgali". It was also used on the naval ensign of Georgia during the late 1990s and early 2000s.[5] Georgian nationalists often use symbol to emphasize national pride.

Gallery



See also


References


  1. Evolving Virtual and Computational Paleontology. (2020). (n.p.): Frontiers Media SA. p.131 : "seven-rayed symbol of sun and eternity typical of Georgia"
  2. Mikaberidze, A. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia. United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p.204
  3. https://www.behance.net/gallery/80748061/GEORGIAN-NATIONAL-MUSEUM
  4. რატი იონათამიშვილი ”ბორჯღალასა და სვასტიკის გენეზისისთვის” თბ.(2006) [Rati Ionatamishvili, Genesis of the Leopard and the Swastika, Tbilisi, 2006 ]
  5. Armand du Payrat, CV(R) (2000). Album des pavillons nationaux et des marques distinctives / National flags and distinctive markings (in French and English). Daniel Roudaut (ill.) (8th. ed.). Brest (France): S.H.O.M. (Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine). p. 238. ISBN 2-11-088247-6. 978-2-11-088247-9.Previous edition: [pie90]
    Format: A4 (tall) (279×210 mm)

Further reading


  • Symbol dictionary
  • Historical Dictionary of Georgia, Alexander Mikaberidze
  • T. Wilson „The swastika, the earliest known symbol and its migrations“ Wosh. 1990
  • Transcaucasian Banknotes, Arutiun Airapetian, p. 52