Borneo

Borneo (/ˈbɔːrni/; Indonesian: Kalimantan) is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.

Borneo
Kalimantan
Topography of Borneo
Geography
LocationSoutheast Asia
Coordinates0°N 114°E
ArchipelagoGreater Sunda Islands
Area748,168 km2 (288,869 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Highest elevation13,435 ft (4095 m)
Highest pointMount Kinabalu
Administration
DistrictsBelait
Brunei and Muara
Temburong
Tutong
Largest settlementBandar Seri Begawan (pop. ~50,000)
ProvincesWest Kalimantan
Central Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
East Kalimantan
North Kalimantan
Largest settlementSamarinda (pop. 842,691)
States and FTSabah
Sarawak
Labuan
Largest settlementKuching (pop. 621,000 )
Demographics
Population23,720,000 (2020)
Pop. density28.59/km2 (74.05/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsBajau, Banjar, Belait, Bisaya, Bruneian Malay, Ida'an, Iranun, Kadazan-Dusun, Kedayan, Murut, Orang Sungai, Rungus, Sarawak Malay, Suluk and Tidung
Dayak: (Bidayuh, Iban, Kayan, Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh, Melanau and Penan)
Chinese: (Chinese Bruneian, Chinese Malaysian and Chinese Indonesian) etc.

The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north, and Indonesia to the south.[1] Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian territory. In the north, the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak make up about 26% of the island. Additionally, the Malaysian federal territory of Labuan is situated on a small island just off the coast of Borneo. The sovereign state of Brunei, located on the north coast, comprises about 1% of Borneo's land area. A little more than half of the island is in the Northern Hemisphere, including Brunei and the Malaysian portion, while the Indonesian portion spans the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

Borneo is home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world.