Borough of Pendle
Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England. It adjoins the Lancashire boroughs of Burnley and Ribble Valley, the North Yorkshire district of Craven and the West Yorkshire boroughs of Calderdale and Bradford. It has a total population of 92,112 (mid-2019 est.).
Borough of Pendle
Shown within Lancashire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|• Type||Pendle Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||Labour/Liberal Democrats|
|• MPs:||Andrew Stephenson|
|• Total||65.4 sq mi (169.4 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 264th|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (540/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||30UJ (ONS)|
82.8% White British
0.9% White Other
0.6% White Irish
0.4% Other S.Asian
0.9% Mixed Race
0.5% Asian & White
0.2% Black Caribbean & White
0.2% Other Mixed
0.1% Black African & White
0.4% E.Asian and Other
0.1% Other E.Asian
0.2% Black African
0.1% Black Caribbean
0.0% Other Black
The name Pendle comes from the Cumbric word 'Pen' meaning hill (or head), a reference to Pendle Hill. Hence the name of the modern district derives from the prominent landmark at the west of the district, which already in the Middle Ages gave its name to the royal forest which spread to its east. Pendle Forest is still the name of a significant rural part of the district, though it has long ago ceased being a forest.
The area is closely associated with the trials of the Pendle witches, among the most notorious such trials in English history.
Creation of the modern district
The current district with this name was created in 1974 as a result of local government reorganisation from the former Municipal Boroughs of Nelson and Colne, the former urban districts of Barnoldswick, Barrowford, Brierfield, Earby and Trawden, and from parts of Burnley Rural District and Skipton Rural District.
The Pendle constituency is represented in Parliament by the Conservative Member of Parliament, Andrew Stephenson, since 2010. Since its creation in 1983 its boundaries have been coterminous with those of the borough, however the constituency boundaries were redrawn in 1997 due to local government boundary changes in the 1980s.
Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 49 seats on the council being elected at each election. Since the Liberal Democrats lost overall control of the council at the election in 2008, no party has had a majority on the council. In 2018, the BNP lost their final councillor seat. As of the election of 2018, the council is composed of the following councillors:-
Places in Pendle
|Contemporary civil parish||Map
|Medieval jurisdiction||Medieval jurisdiction||Early modern jurisdiction|
|Barley-with-Wheatley Booth||1||Pendle Forest, manor of Ightenhill||Forest of Blackburnshire||Whalley, Lancashire: once a much larger parish than today.|
It encompassed a large part of eastern Lancashire.
It also included areas outside Pendle.
|Old Laund Booth||15|
|Higham-with-West Close Booth||11|
|Trawden Forest||19||Trawden Forest, manor of Colne|
|Nelson||14||manor of Ightenhill, not in Forest||Blackburnshire, not in Forest|
|Colne||7||manor of Colne, not in Forest|
|Barnoldswick||2||Now referred to as "West Craven".|
This is a part of Lancashire, which was once in the neighbouring West Riding of Yorkshire.
(Within the Wapentake of Staincliffe, Deanery of Craven.)
|Bracewell and Brogden||5|
|Kelbrook and Sough||12|
Freedom of the Borough
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Pendle.
- Steven Burke : 3 August 2012.
- "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
- https://www.pendle.gov.uk/homepage/75/councillors_mps_and_meps. Missing or empty
- "Olympic gold medallist Steven Burke given civic honour". BBC News. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- "London 2012 Olympics gold medal hero Steven Burke granted Freedom of Pendle". Burnley Express. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- "Congratulations to Pendle's triple Olympic cycling champion". Pendle Borough Council. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- Spencer, Andrew (14 May 2015). "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment parade through Colne". Pendle Today. Retrieved 18 July 2021.