Bosnia and Herzegovina–Serbia relations


Bosnian–Serbian relations are foreign relations between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. The modern-day countries both originated from Yugoslavia. The majority of population in both countries speak one of the standard varieties of Serbo-Croatian and Serbia is one of the largest investors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnian–Serbian relations

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Serbia

Bosnia and Herzegovina has an embassy in Belgrade. Serbia has an embassy in Sarajevo and a consulate-general in Banja Luka, Mostar, Trebinje, and Drvar. Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). Serbia is an official candidate state for membership of the European Union and Bosnia is recognized as potential candidate country by the European Union.

History


The beginnings of formal cooperation can be traced to the Bosnian War; Republika Srpska got support from Serbia.[1] At the Dayton Agreement, the President of the Republic of Serbia Slobodan Milošević represented the Bosnian Serb interests due to absence of Radovan Karadžić. The agreement ensured the right for entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina to establish special parallel relationships with neighboring countries consistent with sovereignty and territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement on Special Parallel Relations was signed on February 28, 1997 and implemented December 15, 2010.[2]

On July 8, 2015, Russia vetoed a United Nations Security Council resolution that would have condemned the Srebrenica massacre as a genocide. Lobbied by the Republika Srpska and Serbia, the veto was praised by Serbian President Tomislav Nikolić stating that Russia had "prevented an attempt of smearing the entire Serbian nation as genocidal" and proven itself as a true and honest friend.[3]

Invited by the Bosnian government to attend the annual Srebrenica Genocide Memorial, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić accepted, travelling to Srebrenica on 11 July 2015 to pay his respect. He was attacked by a mob in the crowd with stones, bottles and other objects and had to flee the premise.[4]

In February 2021 Serbia has donated 5.000 of their vaccines to Bosnia and Herzegovina.[5]

Geography


Embassy of Serbia in Sarajevo
Serbian Consulate in Mostar

The two countries are located in the western Balkans and Southeastern Europe. They share 357 km of land boundary, partly (206 km) along the Drina.

Economy


Serbia is the second top investor in Bosnia and Herzegovina, according to data spanning May 1994–December 2013.

Culture


Serbs and Bosniaks ethnolinguistically belong to the South Slavic peoples.

The majority of population in Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina speak Serbo-Croatian. One of its standard varieties, Serbian, is official in both countries. Bosnian and Croatian, the other varieties of Serbo-Croatian official in Bosnia and Herzegovina, are recognized as minority languages of Serbia.

Demographics


Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Serbs are one of the three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina along with Bosniaks and Croats. They are the second largest ethnic group, numbering 1,086,733 (30.78%) according to the 2013 census. The community is concentrated in Republika Srpska (numbering 970,857; 82.95%), one of two entities making up BiH. Serbs are predominantly members of the Serbian Orthodox church.

Bosniaks in Serbia

Bosniaks are a recognized minority of Serbia. They are the fourth largest ethnic group, numbering 145,278 (2.02%) according to the 2011 census. The community is concentrated in the region of Sandžak in southwestern Serbia. Bosniaks are predominantly of Sunni Muslim faith.

See also


References


  1. Judah. The Serbs. Yale University Press. pp. 222–224. ISBN 978-0-300-15826-7.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2011-02-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Russia blocks U.N. condemnation of Srebrenica as a genocide". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  4. "Serbia's president condemns 'savage' attack on PM at Srebrenica". The Guardian. 11 July 2015.
  5. Војводине, Јавна медијска установа ЈМУ Радио-телевизија. "ФБИХ прихватила Вучићеву понуду - 5.000 вакцина". ЈМУ Радио-телевизија Војводине. Retrieved 2021-02-26.