Boston Gazette

The Boston Gazette (1719–1798) was a newspaper published in Boston, Massachusetts, in the British North American colonies. It began publication December 21, 1719 and appeared weekly. It should not be confused with the Boston-Gazette (1803–1816).

The Boston Gazette
TypeDaily Newspaper
Owner(s)Boston Gazette LLC
Founded1719; 302 years ago (1719)
Ceased publication1798; 223 years ago (1798)
HeadquartersBoston, Massachusetts  United States

The Boston Gazette (published and printed by Benjamin Edes and John Gill)[1] was probably the most influential newspaper ever in American history.[2][3]

The Boston News-Letter, the first successful newspaper in the Colonies had begun its long run in 1704. In 1741 the Boston Gazette incorporated the New-England Weekly Journal and became the Boston-Gazette, or New-England Weekly Journal. Contributors included: Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, Phyllis Wheatley.

Publishers, and men acting their behalf, included: (dates are approximate)[4]

  • Benjamin Edes, Ben Franklin, James Franklin (1719)
  • William Brooker (1719)
  • Philip Musgrave (1720)
  • Thomas Lewis (1725–26)
  • Henry Marshall (1726–27)
  • Bartholomew Green Jr. (1727–32)
  • John Boydell (died December 11, 1739) (1732–36)
  • Timothy Green (1736–41)
  • Samuel Kneeland (1720–53)
  • John Gill (1755–75) DAR Patriot # A044675
  • Benjamin Edes (1755–94)
  • Benjamin Edes, Jr. (1779–94)
  • Peter Edes (1779 – c. 1784)
Obituary of Patrick Carr, Boston Massacre victim. Boston Gazette, 19 March 1770. Engraving by Paul Revere.

The paper's masthead vignette, produced by Paul Revere shows a seated Britannia with Liberty cap on staff, freeing a bird from a cage. Motto: "Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestic" This issue is often reprinted.[5]

"After the Revolution [the paper] lost its great contributors and its tone and policy were changed. It bitterly opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States and the administration of Washington. The paper declined in power, interest and popular favor, till, after a long struggle, in 1798, it was discontinued for want of support."[6]

Between 1719 and 1781, the Boston Gazette published 1,103 different "slaves for sale" ads. [7]