Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas


Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɔtaˈfoɡu dʒi futʃiˈbɔw i ʁeˈɡataʃ]; Botafogo Football and Rowing), also known as Botafogo, is a Brazilian sports club based in the bairro (neighborhood) of Botafogo, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Although they compete in a number of different sports, Botafogo is mostly known for its association football team. It plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, the second tier of the Brazilian football league system, and in the state of Rio de Janeiro's premier state league. In 2000, Botafogo finished 12th in a vote by subscribers of FIFA Magazine for the FIFA Club of the Century.[2][3]

Botafogo
Full nameBotafogo de Futebol e Regatas
Nickname(s)Fogão (The Great Fire)
A Estrela Solitária (The Lone Star)
O Glorioso (The Glorious One)
FoundedAugust 12, 1904; 116 years ago (1904-08-12), as a football club
GroundEstádio Nilton Santos
Capacity46,831[1]
PresidentDurcesio Mello
Head coachEnderson Moreira
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série B
Campeonato Carioca
2020
2020
Série A, 20th (relegated)
Carioca, 5th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

In addition, the club has some of Brazilian football's most notable records, as the most unbeaten matches: 52 games between 1977 and 1978; the most unbeaten matches record in the Brazilian Championship games: 42, also between 1977 and 1978; the most player participations in total matches of the Brazil national football team (considering official and unofficial games): 1,094 participations and the most players assigned to the Brazil national team for World Cup. The club is holding the record for the greatest victory ever recorded in Brazilian football: 24–0 against Sport Club Mangueira in 1909.

History


Formation and merger

On July 1, 1894, Club de Regatas Botafogo was founded.[4]

The 1906 football team.

On August 12, 1904, another club was founded in the neighborhood: the Electro Club, the name first given to the Botafogo Football Club. The idea came during an algebra lesson at Alfredo Gomes College, when Flávio Ramos wrote to his friend Emmanuel Sodré: "Itamar has a football club in Martins Ferreira Street. Let's establish another one, in Largo dos Leões, what do you think? We can speak to the Wernecks, to Arthur César, Vicente and Jacques".[citation needed] The Electro Club was founded, but its name did not last. After a suggestion from Dona Chiquitota, Flávio's grandmother, the club finally became the Botafogo Football Club, on September 18 of the same year. The colors were black and white like those of Juventus FC, the team of Itamar Tavares, one of the club's founders. Its badge was drawn by Basílio Vianna Jr., in Swiss style with the BFC monogram. The Botafogo Football Club would soon become one of the strongest football teams in Rio de Janeiro, winning the championships of 1907, 1910, 1912 and more.[5]

With the same name, the same location, the same colours and most important the same supporters, it seemed inevitable that the clubs would merge. They did so on December 8, 1942 after a basketball match between both clubs, when Botafogo Football Club player Armando Albano died suddenly, that the idea of a merger began. On this tragic occasion, the president of Club de Regatas Botafogo, Augusto Frederico Schmidt [pt] (also a major Brazilian poet), spoke: "At this time, I declare to Albano that his last match ended with the victory of his team. We won't play the time left on the clock. We all want the young fighter to leave this great night as a winner. This is how we salute him." Eduardo Góis Trindade, Botafogo Football Club's president said: "Between the matches of our clubs, only one can be the winner: Botafogo!." And then Schmidt declared the fusion: "What else do we need for our clubs to become one?." Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas finally came into being. The Football Club's badge became black, and the monogram substituted by Clube de Regatas' lone star.[6]

On the field

The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca in 1907
The team of 1910

The team won the Campeonato Carioca in 1907, 1910 and 1912. In 1909 the team beat Mangueira 24–0, which remains the highest score in Brazilian football.[7] They won further state titles in 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934 and 1935.[8]

In 1930 Botafogo won its 4th Carioca title.

In the 1940s, after the creation of Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, the team's best player was Heleno de Freitas. However, Heleno did not win a championship for Botafogo. He scored 204 goals in 233 matches, but went to the Boca Juniors in 1948, the year Botafogo won its 9th state championship.

They won the Campeonato Carioca in 1957, 1961 and 1962, and in 1968 they won Serie A, becoming the first carioca club to win the Brazilian league.[9]

1989 ended a period of 21 years without a title when the club won the state championship, retaining the trophy in 1990.[9]

In the 1990s, Botafogo won Copa Conmebol (the precursor of the current Copa Sudamericana).[10] And in 1995 they won the Brazilian League for the second time in club's history, after drawing 1–1 the second leg of the Final against Santos FC at São Paulo.

Botafogo would be relegated to the Second Division after ranking last in the Brazilian League of 2002. In 2003, Botafogo ranked second in Brazil's Second division (after Palmeiras) and returned to the First Division.

In 2006, the club won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship for the 18th time, and again in 2010 and 2013 with the iconic players Loco Abreu and Seedorf, respectively.

In the 2020 edition of the Série A, Botafogo performed poorly and ended the championship in the last position, causing the club's relegation to the Série B for their third time in history.[11]

Nowadays, Botafogo is the only club to have won titles in three different centuries, including the state championship for rowing in 1899.

Stadium


Voluntários da Pátria Street Stadium (1909)
General Severiano entrance

The team's home ground is the Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos, named in honor of Nilton Santos, a former club player and two time world champion with the Brazil National Football Team, and some feel the greatest left back of all time, .[12]

Other stadiums used by the club during its history are:

The Estádio Nilton Santos, home of Botafogo

Rivals


Its biggest rivals are the other most important Rio clubs: Fluminense, Flamengo, and Vasco da Gama.

The derby with Fluminense is known as the "Clássico Vovô" (Grandfather Derby) because it is the oldest derby in the whole country. Both teams faced each other for the first time in 1905.

The match with Vasco is known as the "Friendship Derby" because the supporters of both club have been friends historically. It is the only derby in the city that tends to be nonviolent.

The derby against Flamengo, "The Rivalry Derby", is the biggest one for the club, and one of the more important for the country. The clubs strongly dislike each other and the rivalry goes from the players on the pitch, to the fans, to both clubs' boardrooms. Players who participate in these matches usually become club idols. Some examples include: Garrincha, Manga, Jairzinho, Túlio Maravilha, and more recently Loco Abreu and Jefferson. Manga is known for a remarkable quote about this derby when he used to say that the player's prize money was already guaranteed because it was easy to beat Flamengo. Flamengo's biggest star Zico once said that at his childhood, Botafogo was the club he hated more because the Glorioso used to win all the derbies.

From outside the city, the club has had a historic rivalry with Santos FC since the 1960s.

Symbols


Historical badges

Lone Star

The Lone Star (Estrela Solitária) is currently present in Botafogo's flag and crest. This star was the principal symbol of Club de Regatas Botafogo. After the two Botafogos merged, the Lone Star became one of the most important symbols of Botafogo's football team.

Flag

The old flag of Club de Regatas Botafogo was white with a small black square which contained the Lone Star. The Football Club had a flag with nine black and white stripes with the club's crest localized in the center. Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas then based its flag on that of the two old clubs. The flag has five black and four white stripes, with a black square at the upper left side with the Lone Star.

Uniform

Their primary uniform consists of a black jersey with vertical white stripes, black shorts and grey socks. Their secondary uniform is all white. An all black uniform may also be used. The socks, although traditionally grey, may also be black or even white on rare occasions.

Mascots


"Manequinho", the mascot of the club

In 1948 a stray dog named Biriba, known for urinating on the players, was the mascot that led them to the Campeonato Carioca.[13]

Financial situation


In 2006 Botafogo had Supergasbras and Alê as sponsors, the arrangement during that year earned the team $3.2 million (R$7.2 million).[14] The next year, Botafogo managed to sign the sixth highest sponsorship deal in Brazil[15] the new sponsor Liquigás, a Petrobrás subsidiary paid the club $3.9 million (R$7.8 million) under the terms of the one-year contract.[14] In 2008 not only was the agreement with Liquigás renewed for another year, but it also became more lucrative since the sponsorship was raised to around $5 million (R$10.2 million).[16]

In 2007, Botafogo generated the 12th largest amount of revenue for all Brazilian Football clubs— a total $20.8 million (or R$41.1 million) but Botafogo had a net loss of $1.9 million (or R$3.7 million).[17][18] Also at the end of 2007 Botafogo had total debts of $106.1 million (or R$209.7 million).[19]

However, in more recent years matters have taken a turn for the worse. The club has suffered various financial crises and a recent report stated that the club had to resort to handouts from benefactors in order to pay for basic necessities. [20]

Honours


Trophy of 1995's Brazilian championship

The club has some of Brazilian football's top records, as the most unbeaten matches: 52 games between 1977 and 1978;[21] the matches unbeaten record in the Brazilian Championship games: 42, also between 1977 and 1978;[22] the most player participations in total matches of the Brazil national football team (considering official and unofficial games): 1,094 participations[23] and the most players assigned to the Brazil national team for World Cup.[24]

International

Winners: 1993
Runners-up: 1994
Semifinalist: 1963

National

Winners: 1968,[25]1995
Runners-up: 1962, 1972, 1992
3rd Place: 1963, 1971
4th place: 1969, 1981, 1989, 2013
Winners: 2015
Runners-up: 2003
Runners-up: 1999

Regional

Winners: 1962, 1964, 1966, 1998
  • Taça Brasil South Zone:
Winners: 1968
Runners-up: 1962
Winners: 1907, 1910, 1912, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935*, 1948, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1997, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2018
Winners: 1967, 1968, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2015
Winners: 1975, 1976, 1989, 1997, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013

(*)The only to win four times in a row.

International Tournaments


Current squad


As of 27 July 2021[26]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK  PAR Gatito Fernández (vice-captain)
2 DF  BRA Kanu
3 DF  ARG Joel Carli (captain)
4 DF  BRA Gilvan
5 MF  BRA Luís Oyama (on loan from Mirassol)
8 MF  BRA Ricardinho
9 FW  BRA Rafael Moura
11 FW  BRA Diego Gonçalves (on loan from Mirassol)
12 GK  BRA Diego Cavalieri
13 DF  BRA Jonathan
14 FW  BRA Chay (on loan from Portuguesa-RJ)
17 MF  BRA Felipe Ferreira (on loan from Ferroviária)
20 DF  BRA Daniel Borges (on loan from Mirassol)
21 MF  BRA Romildo
22 GK  BRA Douglas Borges
23 MF  BRA Barreto (on loan from Criciúma)
No. Pos. Nation Player
25 DF  BRA Warley
26 DF  BRA Lucas Barros
28 MF  BRA Rickson
29 GK  BRA Diego
31 FW  BRA Ronald
33 MF  BRA Pedro Castro (on loan from Tombense)
34 MF  BRA Cesinha (on loan from Três Passos)
35 DF  BRA Rafael Carioca
36 MF  BRA Ênio
39 FW  BRA Marcinho
45 MF  BRA Matheus Frizzo (on loan from Grêmio)
49 MF  BRA Kayque
70 MF  BRA Marco Antônio (on loan from Bahia)
88 DF  BRA Guilherme Santos
90 FW  BRA Matheus Nascimento
99 FW  BRA Rafael Navarro

Reserve team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
16 DF  BRA Hugo
37 FW  BRA Gabriel
38 DF  URU Federico Barrandeguy
40 DF  BRA Lucas Mezenga (on loan from Nova Iguaçu)
No. Pos. Nation Player
43 DF  BRA Ewerton
47 MF  BRA Juninho
52 GK  BRA Igo Gabriel (on loan from CSA)
MF  BRA Wendel

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF  BRA David Sousa (to Cercle Brugge until 31 December 2022)
DF  BRA Marcelo Benevenuto (to Fortaleza until 31 December 2021)
DF  BRA Rafael Forster (to Juventude until 31 December 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW  PER Alexander Lecaros (to Avaí until 1 September 2021)
FW  BRA Luiz Fernando (to Grêmio until 31 December 2021)

First-team staff

Position Name
Head coach Enderson Moreira
Assistant coaches Lúcio Flávio
Caio Autuori
Fitness coach Roger Gouveia
Diogo Missena
Goalkeeping coach Flavio Tenius

Records


World Best Players
# Name Year
1. Didi 1958
2. Garrincha 1962
Carvalho Leite, one of the greatest players of the 1930s and the 2nd. topscorer in club's history with 261 goals.
Most appearances
# Name Matches Goals Year
1. Nílton Santos 723 11 1948–64
2. Garrincha 612 243 1953–65
3. Jefferson 459 * 2003–2005 and 2009–2018
4. Waltencir 453 6 1967–76
5. Quarentinha 444 306 1954–64
6. Manga 442 * 1959–68
7. Carlos Roberto 442 15 1967–76
8. Geninho 422 115 1940–54
9. Jairzinho 413 186 1962–74, 1981
10. Wágner 412 * 1993–02
11. Osmar 387 4 1970–79
12. Juvenal 384 12 1946–57
13. Gérson dos Santos 371 2 1945–56
14. Wilson Gottardo 354 13 1987–90, 1994–96
15. Roberto Miranda 352 154 1962–73
16. Pampolini 347 27 1955–62
17. Mendonça 340 116 1975–82
* goalkeeper.
Garrincha playing for Botafogo in a 2-0 win against Barcelona for Copa Iberoamericana, friendly tournament in 1964 at Buenos Aires.
Most goals
# Name Goals Matches G/M
1. Quarentinha 306 444 0,68
2. Carvalho Leite 261 303 0,86
3. Garrincha 243 612 0,39
4. Heleno de Freitas 209 235 0,88
5. Nilo 190 201 0,94
6. Jairzinho 186 413 0,45
7. Octávio Moraes 171 200 0,85
8. Túlio Maravilha 159 223 0,71
9. Roberto Miranda 154 352 0,43
10. Dino da Costa 144 176 0,81
11. Amarildo 136 231 0,58
12. Paulinho Valentim 135 206 0,65
13. Nílson Dias 127 301 0,42
14. Mendonça 116 340 0,34
15. Geninho 115 422 0,27
16. Didi 114 313 0,36
17. Zezinho 110 174 0,63
18. Pascoal 105 158 0,66
19. Patesko 102 242 0,42
20. Gérson 96 248 0,39

Managers


[citation needed]

Notes


    Other Sports


    Basketball

    References


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