Bourbon Restoration in France

The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the first fall of Napoleon in 3 May 1814 to the July Revolution of 26 July 1830, but interrupted by the Hundred Days War from 20 March 1815 to 8 July 1815. The brothers of the executed Louis XVI, namely Louis XVIII and Charles X, successively mounted the throne and instituted a conservative government aiming to restore the proprieties, if not all the institutions, of the Ancien Régime. Exiled supporters of the monarchy returned to France. They were nonetheless unable to reverse most of the changes made by the French Revolution and the reinstatement of slavery by Napoleon. Exhausted by decades of war, the nation experienced a period of internal and external peace, stable economic prosperity and the preliminaries of industrialization.[1]

Kingdom of France
Royaume de France
Motto: Montjoie Saint Denis!
"Montjoy Saint Denis!"
Anthem: Le Retour des Princes français à Paris
"The Return of the French Princes to Paris"
The Kingdom of France in 1818
Common languagesFrench
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentUnitary constitutional monarchy
Charles X
President of the Council of Ministers 
 1815 (first)
Charles de Bénévent
 1829–1830 (last)
Jules de Polignac
Chamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
3 May 1814
30 May 1814
4 June 1814
20 Mar – 7 Jul 1815
6 April 1823
26 July 1830
1815560,000 km2 (220,000 sq mi)
CurrencyFrench franc
ISO 3166 codeFR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First French Empire
First French Empire
Kingdom of France
Alternative royal standard of France (1814–1830)