Bradford West (UK Parliament constituency)


Bradford West is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Naz Shah of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Bradford West
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bradford West in West Yorkshire
Location of West Yorkshire within England
CountyWest Yorkshire
Population114,761 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate71,585 (December 2019)[2]
Major settlementsBradford
Current constituency
Created1955
Member of ParliamentNaz Shah (Labour)
Created fromBradford Central, Bradford North and Bradford South
18851918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Created fromBradford

History


Before 1974, the Labour and Conservative Parties held the seat marginally in various years, since which time the Labour Party always won the seat until 2012. In 1981, however, Edward Lyons, the sitting Bradford West MP, joined the newly established Social Democratic Party, consequently losing the seat at the 1983 general election.

In 1997, the seat was one of only two Labour seats in the country, the other being Bethnal Green and Bow in London, to have seen a swing towards the Conservatives away from Labour. This was because the local party association had selected a Sikh, Marsha Singh to stand when the majority of the seat’s population is Muslim.

George Galloway of the Respect Party won the seat in the 2012 Bradford West by-election with 55.9% of the votes cast; his 30.9% majority was at the time the largest majority in the history of the modern constituency, but he lost the seat in 2015 to the new Labour candidate Naz Shah by a substantial (28.3%) margin. Despite Galloway's threats to contest the result, he neither launched a legal challenge nor stood again in 2017, in which Shah surpassed his record by winning a majority of 48.1%, the largest margin for a Bradford West MP in any incarnation of the seat. Despite Galloway not standing, his former Respect colleague Salma Yaqoob did stand as an Independent, garnering 6,345 votes (13.9%), not far behind the second-placed Conservative candidate.

At the 2019 general election Shah increased her vote share by 11.5%. This was easily the highest increase in the Labour Party's vote share in any constituency in the United Kingdom, in an election where Labour's vote share decreased in all but 13 constituencies. This means that Bradford West has bucked the national trend twice, as it also did in 1997.[3]

Boundaries


Map of present boundaries

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Bolton, Great Horton, Heaton, and Manningham.

1955–1974: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Great Horton, Heaton, Manningham, and Thornton.

1974–1983: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Heaton, Little Horton, Manningham, Thornton, and University.

1983–2010: The City of Bradford wards of Clayton, Heaton, Little Horton, Thornton, Toller, and University.

2010–present: The City of Bradford wards of City, Clayton and Fairweather Green, Heaton, Manningham, Thornton and Allerton, and Toller.

Members of Parliament


The constituency was originally created in 1885, but was abolished in 1918. For the 1955 general election the constituency was recreated, following a boundary review.[4]

Election Member[5][6][7][8] Party
1885Alfred Illingworth Liberal
1895Ernest Flower Conservative
1906Fred Jowett Labour
1918 constituency abolished
1955 constituency recreated
Arthur Tiley Conservative
1966Norman Haseldine Labour Co-op
1970John Wilkinson Conservative
Feb 1974 Edward Lyons Labour
1981 SDP
1983Max Madden Labour
1997Marsha Singh Labour
2012 by-electionGeorge Galloway Respect
2015Naz Shah Labour
Apr 2016 Independent
July 2016 Labour

Elections


Bradford West election results

Election results


Elections since 1918

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election 2019 [9]
Turnout: 44,261 (62.6%) -4.8
Labour hold
Majority: 27,019 (61.0%)
Swing: 6.5% from Con to Lab
Naz ShahLabour33,73676.2+11.5
Mohammed Afzal Conservative6,71715.2-1.4
Derrick Hodgson Brexit Party1,5563.5N/A
Mark Christie Liberal Democrats1,3493.0+1.5
Darren Parkinson Green8131.8+0.8
Azfar Bukhari Independent900.2N/A
General election 2017 [10]
Turnout: 45,528 (67.4%) +3.8
Labour hold
Majority: 21,902 (48.1%)
Swing: 6.9% from Con to Lab
Naz ShahLabour29,44464.7+15.1
George Grant Conservative7,54216.6+1.3
Salma Yaqoob Independent6,34513.9N/A
Derrick Hodgson UKIP8851.95.8
Alun Griffiths Liberal Democrats7121.61.3
Celia Hickson Green4811.11.6
Hussain Khadim Independent650.1N/A
Muhammad Hijazi Independent540.1N/A
General election 2015 [11][12]
Turnout: 40,290 (63.6%) +13.6
Labour hold
Majority: 11,420 (28.3%)
Swing: 6.9% from Lab to Respect
Naz ShahLabour19,97749.6+4.3
George Galloway Respect8,55721.2+18.1
George Grant Conservative6,16015.3-15.8
Harry Boota UKIP3,1407.8+5.8
Alun Griffiths Liberal Democrats1,1732.9−8.8
Celia Hickson Green1,0852.7+0.4
James Kirkcaldy Independent1000.2N/A
Therese Muchewicz English Democrat980.2N/A
2012 Bradford West by-election
Resignation of Marsha Singh
Turnout: 32,905 (50.0%) −14.9
Respect gain from Labour
Majority: 10,140 (30.9%)
Swing: 36.6% from Lab to Respect
George GallowayRespect18,34155.9+52.8
Imran Hussain Labour8,20125.0−20.3
Jackie Whiteley Conservative2,7468.4−22.7
Jeanette Sunderland Liberal Democrats1,5054.6−7.1
Sonja McNally UKIP1,0853.3+1.3
Dawud Islam Green4811.5−0.8
Neil Craig Democratic Nationalists3441.0−0.1
Howling Laud Hope Monster Raving Loony1110.3N/A
General election 2010 [13][14]
New boundaries
Turnout: 40,576 (64.9%) +10.9
Labour hold
Majority: 5,763 (14.2%)
Swing: 2.9% from Con to Lab
Marsha SinghLabour18,40145.3+5.6
Zahid Iqbal Conservative12,63831.1−0.2
David Hall-Matthews Liberal Democrats4,73211.7−7.4
Jenny Sampson BNP1,3703.4−3.5
Arshad Ali Respect1,2453.1N/A
David Ford Green9402.3−0.7
Jason Smith UKIP8122.0N/A
Neil Craig Democratic Nationalists4381.1N/A
General election 2005 [15][16]
Turnout: 36,369 (54.0%) +0.4
Labour hold
Majority: 3,026 (8.3%)
Marsha SinghLabour14,57040.1−7.9
Haroon Rashid Conservative11,54431.7−5.4
Mukhtar Ali Liberal Democrats6,62018.2+11.8
Paul Cromie BNP2,5256.9N/A
Parvez Darr Green1,1103.1−3.9
General election 2001 [17][18]
Turnout: 38,370 (53.6%) −9.7
Labour hold
Majority: 4,165 (10.9%)
Marsha SinghLabour18,40148.0+6.4
Mohammed Riaz Conservative14,23637.1+4.1
John Robinson Green2,6727.0+5.1
Abdul Khan Liberal Democrats2,4376.4−8.4
Imran Hussain UKIP4271.1N/A
Farhan Khokhar Asian League1970.5N/A
General election 1997 [19][18]
Turnout: 45,568 (63.3%)
Labour hold
Majority: 3,877 (8.6%)
Marsha SinghLabour18,93241.6−11.7
Mohammed Riaz Conservative15,05533.0−0.8
Helen Wright Liberal Democrats6,73714.8+4.0
Abdul R. Khan Socialist Labour1,5513.4
Christopher Royston Referendum1,3483.0
John Robinson Green8611.9
Gary Osborn BNP8391.8
Sajjad Shah Socialist Alternative2450.5
General election 1992 [20][21]
Electorate: 70,016
Turnout: 48,946 (69.91%)
Labour hold
Majority: 9,502 (19.41%)
Max MaddenLabour26,04653.2
Andrew J. Ashworth Conservative16,54433.8
Alun O. Griffiths Liberal Democrats5,15010.5
Peter Braham Green7351.5
David Pidcock Islamic Party4711.0
General election 1987 [22][23]
Electorate: 70,763
Turnout: 70.2%
Labour hold
Majority: 7,551 (15.2%)
Max MaddenLabour25,77551.9
Iain Duncan Smith Conservative18,22436.7
Manzoor Moghal SDP5,65711.4
General election 1983 [24][25]
Electorate: 71,296
Turnout: 68.9%
Labour hold
Majority: 3,337 (6.8%)
Max MaddenLabour19,49939.7
Stephen Day Conservative16,16232.9
Edward Lyons SDP13,30127.1
B. Slaughter Workers Revolutionary1390.3
General election 1979 [26]
Electorate: 65,407
Turnout: 69.1%
Labour hold
Majority: 7,755 (17.2%)
Edward LyonsLabour24,30953.8
Thomas Stow Conservative16,55436.7
Nicholas Flood Liberal3,6688.1
G. Brown National Front6331.4
General election October 1974 [27]
Electorate: 62,684
Turnout: 69.5%
Labour hold
Majority: 4,941 (11.35%)
Edward LyonsLabour21,13348.5
John Wilkinson Conservative16,19237.2
S. Harris Liberal5,88413.5
Harold Smith More Prosperous Britain3390.8
General election February 1974 [28]
New boundaries
Electorate: 62,157
Turnout: 77.1%
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 2,219 (4.6%)
Edward LyonsLabour20,78743.4
John Wilkinson Conservative18,56838.7
Roderick Francis Hutton Taylor Liberal7,21615.1
Jim Merrick Anti-Immigration1,1642.4
Ralph Oakden Herbert Ind Democratic Alliance2000.4
General election 1970 [29]
Electorate: 53,371
Turnout: 73.8%
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,539 (3.9%)
John WilkinsonConservative20,47552.0
Norman Haseldine Labour18,93648.0
General election 1966
Turnout: 76.61%
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative
Majority: 1,543 (4.05%)
Norman HaseldineLabour Co-op19,70452.03
Arthur Tiley Conservative18,17047.97
General election 1964 [30]
Turnout: 76.79%
Conservative and National Liberal hold
Majority: 3,147 (8.05%)
Arthur TileyConservative and National Liberal21,12154.02
Norman Haseldine Labour Co-op17,97445.98
General election 1959 [31]
Turnout: 81.76%
Conservative and National Liberal hold
Majority: 5,106 (12.48%)
Arthur TileyConservative and National Liberal23,01256.24
Sydney Hyam Labour17,90643.76
General election 1955 [32]
Turnout: 81.72%
Conservative and National Liberal hold
Majority: 3,159 (7.62%)
Arthur TileyConservative and National Liberal22,30653.81
Muriel Ferguson Labour Co-op19,14746.19

Elections 1885–1918

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election December 1910 [8]
Electorate: 14,825
Turnout: 81.4% (−8.6)
Labour hold
Majority: 3,390 (28.0%)
Swing: 2.6% from Lab to Con
Fred JowettLabour7,72964.0−2.6
Ernest Flower Conservative4,33936.0+2.6
General election January 1910 [8]
Electorate: 14,825
Turnout: 90.0% (−0.8)
Labour hold
Majority: 4,319 (33.2%)
Fred JowettLabour8,88066.6+27.5
Ernest Flower Conservative4,46133.4+0.7
General election 1906 [8]
Electorate: 13,965
Turnout: 90.8% (+10.3)
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 810 (6.4%)
Fred JowettLabour4,95739.1−10.7
Ernest Flower Conservative4,14732.7−17.5
William Claridge Liberal3,58028.2n/a
General election 1900 [8]
Electorate: 12,340
Turnout: 9,939 (80.5%) −5.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 41 (0.4%)
Ernest FlowerConservative4,99050.2+9.5
Fred Jowett Labour4,94949.9n/a
General election 1895 [8]
Electorate: 11,200
Turnout: 86.3% (+2.8)
Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 465 (4.8%)
Swing: 3.8% from Lib to Con
Ernest FlowerConservative3,93640.7+7.2
John Cousin Horsfall Liberal3,47135.9−0.4
Ben Tillett Ind. Labour Party2,26423.4−6.8
General election 1892 [8]
Electorate: 10,911
Turnout: 83.5% (+13.5)
Liberal hold
Majority: 253 (2.8%)
Alfred IllingworthLiberal3,30636.3−23.9
Ernest Flower Conservative3,05333.5
Ben Tillett Bradford Labour Union2,74930.2n/a
General election 1886 [8]
Electorate: 9,424
Turnout: 70.0% (−15.9)
Liberal hold
Majority: 1,352 (20.4%)
Alfred IllingworthLiberal3,97560.2+2.3
Archibald William Stirling[33] Liberal Unionist2,62339.8
General election 1885 [8]
New constituency
Electorate: 9,424
Turnout: 8,092 (85.9%)
Liberal win
Majority: 1,280 (15.8%)
Alfred IllingworthLiberal4,68857.9n/a
Henry Byron Reed Conservative3,40842.1n/a

See also


Notes and references


Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "Bradford West: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. "Constituency data: electorates – House of Commons Library". Parliament UK. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  3. The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-00-839258-1.
  4. The Bradford West Constituency was created in 1955 after a boundary review. In previous elections the city was divided into four constituencies: Bradford Central, Bradford East, Bradford North and Bradford South.
  5. "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1885–1918. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  6. "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1955–. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  7. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
  8. Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 81. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
  9. "Bradford West Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  10. "Election 2017: Bradford West". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  11. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. "Bradford West". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  13. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Bradford West". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
  15. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "UK General Election results May 2005, part3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  17. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Bradford West, 1997 & 2001". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  19. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. "UK General Election results April 1992, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  22. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. "UK General Election results June 1987, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  24. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. "UK General Election results June 1983, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  26. "UK General Election results May 1979, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  27. "UK General Election results October 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  28. "UK General Election results February 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  29. "UK General Election results 1970, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  30. "Mr A. W. Stirling". Bradford Daily Telegraph. 28 June 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 24 November 2017.