Brandenburg

Brandenburg (/ˈbrændənbɜːrɡ/, also US: /ˈbrɑːndənbʊərk/,[5][6][7] German: [ˈbʁandn̩bʊʁk] (listen); Low German: Brannenborg; Lower Sorbian: Bramborska [ˈbrambɔrska]) is a state in the northeast of Germany. With an area of 29,478 square kilometres (11,382 sq mi) and a population of 2.5 million residents, it is the fifth-largest German state by area and the tenth-most populous. Potsdam is the state capital and largest city, while other major towns include Cottbus, Brandenburg an der Havel and Frankfurt (Oder).

Brandenburg
Coordinates: 52°21′43″N 13°0′29″E
CountryGermany
CapitalPotsdam
Government
  BodyLandtag of Brandenburg
  Minister-PresidentDietmar Woidke (SPD)
  Governing partiesSPD / CDU / Greens
  Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
Area
  Total29,478.63 km2 (11,381.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-09-30)[1]
  Total2,520,198
  Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-BB
Vehicle registrationformerly: BP (1945–1947), SB (1948–1953)[2]
GRP (nominal)€74 billion (2019)[3]
GRP per capita€30,000 (2019)
NUTS RegionDE4
HDI (2018)0.914[4]
very high · 14th of 16
Websitebrandenburg.de

Brandenburg surrounds the national capital and city-state of Berlin, and together they form the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, the third-largest metropolitan area in Germany.

Brandenburg borders the states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony, as well as the country of Poland.

Brandenburg originated in the Northern March in the 900s AD, from areas conquered from the Wends. It later became the Margraviate of Brandenburg, a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 15th century, it came under the rule of the House of Hohenzollern, which later also became the ruling house of the Duchy of Prussia and established Brandenburg-Prussia, the core of the later Kingdom of Prussia. From 1815 to 1947, Brandenburg was a province of Prussia.

Following the abolition of Prussia after World War II, Brandenburg was established as a state by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany, and became a state of the German Democratic Republic in 1949. In 1952, the state was dissolved and broken up into multiple regional districts. Following German reunification, Brandenburg was re-established in 1990 and became one of the five new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.