Braunschweig

Braunschweig (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁaʊnʃvaɪk] (listen)) or Brunswick[3] (/ˈbrʌnzwɪk/, from Low German Brunswiek [ˈbrɔˑnsviːk], Braunschweig dialect: Bronswiek) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz Mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker River, which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser Rivers. In 2016, it had a population of 250,704.

Brunswick
Braunschweig
Clockwise from top: Castle Square with Brunswick Cathedral, Dankwarderode Castle and the Brunswick Lion, Happy Rizzi House, Town Hall, Brunswick Palace, Old Town market with the Church of Saint Martin and the Alte Waage with the Church of Saint Andrew
Location of Brunswick within Lower Saxony
Brunswick
Brunswick
Coordinates: 52°16′N 10°31′E
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictUrban district
Founded9th century
Subdivisions19 boroughs
Government
  Lord mayorUlrich Markurth (SPD)
Area
  City192.13 km2 (74.18 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
  City248,561
  Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
  Metro
1,150,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
38100–38126
Dialling codes0531, 05307, 05309, 05300
Vehicle registrationBS
WebsiteBraunschweig.de

A powerful and influential centre of commerce in medieval Germany, Brunswick was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th until the 17th century. It was the capital city of three successive states: the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1269–1432, 1754–1807, and 1813–1814), the Duchy of Brunswick (1814–1918), and the Free State of Brunswick (1918–1946).

Today, Brunswick is the second-largest city in Lower Saxony and a major centre of scientific research and development.[4]