Brent Central (UK Parliament constituency)


Brent Central is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It is currently represented, since 2015, by Dawn Butler of the Labour Party.

Brent Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Brent Central in Greater London
CountyGreater London
Population137,438 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate80,499 (June 2017)[2]
Major settlementsWillesden, Harlesden, Dollis Hill, Neasden, Kingsbury Green (part), Park Royal, Tokyngton
Current constituency
Created2010
Member of ParliamentDawn Butler (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromBrent East, Brent South, Brent North

History


The seat was created in the London review of seats of the Boundary Commission before the 2010 general election from parts of predecessors Brent East, Brent South and Brent North – the first two of which no longer exist.

Sarah Teather was the constituency's first MP until 2015, when she stood down; she had previously represented the old Brent East constituency since a 2003 by-election. Dawn Butler, previously Labour MP for Brent South lost to Teather in 2010 and gained the seat in 2015 with a majority of over 40% over the Conservative candidate, whilst the Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell by 35.8%, the sharpest fall in the party's vote share in that election.

Constituency profile


The Brent Central constituency forms the central portion of the London Borough of Brent. Since the early 1990s the Conservative party has had a small minority of councillors but been without wards in the constituency; a plurality of the voters in each ward have been in favour of the Labour Party and/or the Liberal Democrats. It is mostly in the postal district of NW10, but also partly falls under NW2, NW9 and HA9.

Districts and ethnicity

Kensal Green lies at the southeast of the constituency, neighbouring Stonebridge and Harlesden, which have a high concentration of Black residents and severe deprivation. The southwest corner is dominated by the Park Royal industrial estate, the largest in Europe.[citation needed] To the west is the 21st century-built Wembley Stadium; the north takes in Dollis Hill including part of the Welsh Harp Reservoir. Other than Harlesden and Stonebridge, pockets prominent in the Index of Multiple Deprivation are in smallest areas (Output Areas of censuses) within Willesden Green and Neasden, which has Britain's largest Hindu temple. Although there is a mixed income established Asian minority, the proportion of the borough's residents who describe themselves as being of Asian ethnicity is the fourth-highest in London, the highest proportion of Asian backgrounds being the London Borough of Newham.[3] The proportion of social housing and rented housing is close to the average of Greater London; this increased by 66% in the ten years to 2011 to 30%.[4]

Boundaries


Map of present boundaries

Brent Central is made up of nine electoral wards from the London Borough of Brent:

Boundary review

Following its review of parliamentary representation in North London,[when?] the Boundary Commission for England reduced Brent and Camden's constituencies from five to four. To create the new Brent Central constituency, Dollis Hill ward, Dudden Hill ward, Mapesbury ward, and parts of Welsh Harp ward, Willesden Green ward, Kensal Green ward, and Stonebridge ward were taken from the former Brent East constituency; Harlesden ward, and parts of Stonebridge ward, Willesden Green ward, Kensal Green ward, Tokyngton ward, and Welsh Harp ward were taken from the former Brent South constituency; and part of Welsh Harp ward was taken from the reconstituted Brent North constituency.

Members of Parliament


ElectionMemberParty
2010 Sarah Teather Liberal Democrat
2015 Dawn Butler Labour

Elections


Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Brent Central[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dawn Butler 31,779 64.7 -8.4
Conservative David Brescia 10,909 22.2 +2.7
Liberal Democrats Deborah Unger 4,844 9.9 +5.0
Green William Relton 1,600 3.3 +1.7
Majority 20,870 42.5 -11.1
Turnout 49,132 58.3 -6.6
Labour hold Swing -5.5
General election 2017: Brent Central[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dawn Butler 38,208 73.1 +10.9
Conservative Rahoul Bhansali 10,211 19.5 -0.8
Liberal Democrats Anton Georgiou 2,519 4.8 -3.6
Green Shaka Lish 802 1.5 -2.6
UKIP Janice North 556 1.1 -2.9
Majority 27,997 53.5 +11.8
Turnout 52,296 65.0 +3.9
Registered electors 80,499
Labour hold Swing +5.85
General election 2015: Brent Central[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dawn Butler 29,216 62.1 +20.9
Conservative Alan Mendoza 9,567 20.3 +9.1
Liberal Democrats Lauren Keith 3,937 8.4 -35.8
Green Shahrar Ali 1,912 4.1 +2.6
UKIP Stephen Priestley 1,850 3.9 N/A
TUSC John Boyle 235 0.5 N/A
Communities United Kamran Malik 170 0.4 N/A
Independent Noel Coonan 145 0.3 N/A
Majority 19,649 41.8 N/A
Turnout 47,032 61.1 -0.1
Registered electors 77,038
Labour gain from Liberal Democrats Swing -28.3
General election 2010: Brent Central[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrats Sarah Teather* 20,026 44.2 +13.1
Labour Dawn Butler** 18,681 41.2 -8.9
Conservative Sachin Rajput 5,068 11.2 -1.9
Green Shahrar Ali 668 1.5 -2.2
Christian Errol Williams 488 1.1 N/A
Respect Abdi Duale 230 0.5 N/A
Independent Dean McCastree 163 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,345 3.0 N/A
Turnout 45,324 61.2 +5.7
Registered electors 74,046
Liberal Democrats win (new seat)
* Served as MP for Brent East in the 2005–2010 Parliament
** Served as MP for Brent South in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See also


Notes


    References


    1. "Brent Central: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
    2. "Election results for Brent Central, 8 June 2017". Electorate figures as of 22 May 2017, registration cut-off date for the June 2017 general election. London Borough of Brent. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
    3. "2011 Census - ONS". ons.gov.uk.
    4. "Census". shelter.org.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013.
    5. "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
    6. "Election results for Brent Central, 8 June 2017". democracy.brent.gov.uk. 8 June 2017.
    7. http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
    8. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
    9. "Election results for Brent Central, 7 May 2015".
    10. "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Brent Central". bbc.co.uk.