Brescia

Brescia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈbreʃʃa] (listen), locally [ˈbreːʃa]; Lombard: Brèsa [ˈbrɛsɔ, ˈbrɛhɔ, ˈbrɛsa]; Latin: Brixia; Venetian: Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy, Northern Italy. It is situated at the foot of the Alps, a few kilometers from the lakes Garda and Iseo. With a population of more than 200,000, it is the second largest city in the region and the fourth of northwest Italy. The urban area of Brescia extends beyond the administrative city limits and has a population of 672,822,[3] while over 1.5 million people live in its metropolitan area.[3] The city is the administrative capital of the Province of Brescia, one of the largest in Italy, with over 1,200,000 inhabitants.

Brescia
Brèsa  (Lombard)
Città di Brescia
Clockwise from top: Night view of Brescia with the New Cathedral and the Tower of Pégol (right), Capitolium (UNESCO Heritage), Castle of Brescia, Panorama of Brescia, Old Cathedral, Piazza della Loggia
Nicknames: 
  • Leonessa d'Italia ("Lioness of Italy")
  • La città della Mille Miglia ("The City of the Mille Miglia")
Motto(s): 
Brixia fidelis ("Brescia the faithful")
Location of Brescia
Brescia
Location of Brescia in Lombardy
Brescia
Brescia (Lombardy)
Coordinates: 45°32′30″N 10°13′00″E
CountryItaly
RegionLombardy
ProvinceProvince of Brescia (BS)
First settlement:
Celtic settlement:
Roman settlement:
1200 BC
7th century BC
89 BC
Government
  MayorEmilio Del Bono (PD)
Area
  Total90.3 km2 (34.9 sq mi)
Elevation
149 m (489 ft)
Highest elevation
874 m (2,867 ft)
Lowest elevation
104 m (341 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2019)[2]
  Total200,423
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bresciano
Bresà (Brescian dialect)
Brescian (English)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
25100
Dialing code030
Patron saintSts. Faustino and Giovita
Saint day15 February
Websitewww.comune.brescia.it

Founded over 3,200 years ago, Brescia (in antiquity Brixia) has been an important regional centre since pre-Roman times. Its old town contains the best-preserved Roman public buildings in northern Italy[4][5] and numerous monuments, among these the medieval castle, the Old and New cathedral, the Renaissance Piazza della Loggia and the rationalist Piazza della Vittoria.

The monumental archaeological area of the Roman forum and the monastic complex of San Salvatore-Santa Giulia have become a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of a group of seven inscribed as Longobards in Italy, Places of Power.[6]

Brescia is considered to be an important industrial city.[7] The metallurgy and the production of machine tools and firearms are of particular economic significance, along with mechanical and automotive engineering. The major companies based in the city are utility company A2A, steel producer Lucchini, firearms manufacturer, Fausti, Beretta and Perazzi, shotgun producer, machine tools manufacturer Camozzi and gas equipment manufacturer Cavagna Group.

Nicknamed Leonessa d'Italia ("The Lioness of Italy"), Brescia is the home of Italian caviar, and is known for being the original production area of the Franciacorta sparkling wine as well as the prestigious Mille Miglia classic car race that starts and ends in the city. In addition, Brescia is the setting for most of the action in Alessandro Manzoni's 1822 play Adelchi.

Brescia and its territory was the "European Region of Gastronomy" in 2017.[8]