Brighton Pavilion (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Population||103,593 (2011 UK Census)|
|Electorate||77,430 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Caroline Lucas (Green)|
1950–1983: The County Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Montpelier, Patcham, Pavilion, Preston, Preston Park, Regency, St Nicholas, St Peter's, and West.
1983–1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
1997–2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
2010–present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Hanover and Elm Grove, Hollingdean and Stanmer (called Hollingbury and Stanmer before 2011), Patcham, Preston Park, Regency, St Peter's and North Laine, and Withdean.
Constituency history and profile
The constituency was created in 1950 from the former two-member constituency of Brighton (one of the last remaining multi-member constituencies), for which Brighton Pavilion's first Member of Parliament, Sir William Teeling, had previously been the joint representative.
The present name is derived from the Royal Pavilion. On current boundaries, the pavilion itself is right on the South-Eastern border of the seat – the opposite side of the road is Brighton Kemptown which includes the Gay Village of St James Street, Brighton Pier and the beach eastwards. Brighton Pavilion encompasses the heart of the city, including the Georgian and Regency alleyway properties of The Lanes and the Bohemian North Laine shopping area. The developed centre of the promenade above the central pebbled beach has major entertainment venues and the city's largest hotels including the Grand Hotel and Hilton Brighton Metropole. It is a relatively affluent constituency, since average income is higher than the UK average (based upon 2001 statistics) and the unemployment rate is lower than average.
From 1950 to 1997 the seat elected Conservative MPs. In 1997, David Lepper of the Labour Party, aided by somewhat notionally favourable minor boundary changes before the 1997 general election, began service as MP for thirteen years by winning the two subsequent elections. The Conservatives' share of the vote has declined at every election there since 1979.
In July 2007, the Green Party selected Caroline Lucas to contest the seat, at which point she was a Member of the European Parliament for the South East England constituency. In November 2009, Charlotte Vere was selected as the Conservative Party candidate at an open primary attended by local Conservative Party members and residents. In January 2010, the Liberal Democrats also selected a female candidate, Bernadette Millam. Labour had selected Nancy Platts, a local campaigner and former union worker, as their candidate in June 2007. This meant that, distinctively, all of the four leading parties in the constituency had female candidates. In 2010, Labour's share of the vote fell by 6.5%, and Lucas, by then leading the Green Party, won the seat. In contrast to national results, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell.
Lucas retained the seat for the Green Party at the 2015 general election with an increased majority. Purna Sen, who held senior roles at the Commonwealth, LSE and Amnesty International, was selected to contest the seat for Labour. Clarence Mitchell, a former BBC News reporter and spokesman for the family of Madeleine McCann, was selected as the Conservative Party candidate.
For the 2017 general election, and the 2019 general election, the local Liberal Democrat party chose to not field a candidate in the seat, endorsing Lucas instead due to their shared pro-EU stance. Lucas retained Brighton Pavilion for the Green Party being returned with the biggest numerical majority for any candidate in the seat since 1959. In the 2019 election, the seat had the largest winning margin, and the highest winning vote share, of any seat not held by the Conservatives or Labour.
Members of Parliament
|1969 by-election||Julian Amery||Conservative|
|1997||David Lepper||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|Brexit Party||Richard Milton||770||1.3||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Citizen Skwith||301||0.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Bowers||1,525||2.8||−11.0|
|Socialist (GB)||Howard Pilott||88||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Berni Millam||7,159||13.8||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||148||0.3||−0.0|
|Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality||Soraya Kara||61||0.1||New|
|Green gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+8.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||15,427||35.4||−13.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Hazel Thorpe||7,171||16.5||+3.4|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Tony Greenstein||188||0.4||New|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||152||0.3||−1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||19,846||48.7||−5.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Ruth Berry||5,348||13.1||+3.6|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||573||1.4||New|
|Free Party||Bob Dobbs||409||1.0||New|
|ProLife Alliance||Marie Paragallo||177||0.4||New|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||26,737||54.6||+16.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Kenneth Blanshard||4,644||9.5||−3.2|
|Ind. Conservative||Richard Huggett||1,098||2.2||New|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Alan Card||59||0.1||New|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+15.4|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||16,955||38.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Pearce||5,606||12.7||-6.8|
|Natural Law||Eileen Turner||103||0.2||New|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||H Jones||436||1.1||New|
|Labour||G W Humphrey||11,624||29.6||+3.6|
|Independent||George E Thomas||1,205||3.1||New|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||2,711||10.8||New|
|Liberal||David Randall Sinnatt||7,362||18.6||New|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Reginald G White||11,998||30.0||-2.0|
|Labour||Elisabeth R. Littlejohn||13,410||31.5||+3.5|
|Liberal||John Stewart Choate||4,555||10.5|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in East Sussex
- Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election in individual constituencies
- "Brighton, Pavilion: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Check Browser Settings". statistics.gov.uk.
- "Greens Pick MEP Lucas to Run for MP", Brighton Argus
- Charlotte Vere picked in "open primary", Brighton Argus, 18 November 2009
- "Another woman lines up to contest Brighton Pavilion". Brighton and Hove News. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Nancy Platts – Labour's candidate for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove Labour Party. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- One Brighton shining moment as Lucas makes Green history, The Independent, 8 May 2010
- "Election countdown: 93 weeks to go". BBC News. BBC. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "LibDems opt not to Oppose Caroline Lucas in Brighton Pavilion to Support Opposition to Hard Brexit".
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- Election 2010 – Brighton Pavilion BBC News
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election results for Brighton Pavilion". Brighton & Hove City Council. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
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- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1970. The Times. 1970.
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- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 Archived 3 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992[permanent dead link] (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1951 – 2001 (Keele University)
- By-election result, 1969 (Geocities)
- F. W. S. Craig. British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973. (ISBN 0-900178-07-8)