Bruce Gyngell


Bruce Gyngell AO (8 July 1929 – 7 September 2000) was an Australian television executive, active for more than 40 years in both Australian and UK television. Although Gyngell began his career in radio, in the 1950s he stepped into the arena of early television broadcasting, helping to set up Channel 9, the first commercial TV station in Australia. He was managing director of the breakfast television franchise holder TV-am in the United Kingdom from 1984 to 1992.[1]

Bruce Gyngell

Born(1929-07-08)8 July 1929
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died7 September 2000(2000-09-07) (aged 71)
Chelsea, London, England
NationalityAustralian
OccupationAustralian television executive, former radio broadcaster
Years active1956–2000

In later life, he expressed an attraction to eastern ideas which ranged through Zen Buddhism, meditation and Insight philosophy.[2]

Early life


Gyngell was born on 8 July 1929 in Melbourne. According to The Guardian, among Gyngell's relatives were multiple entrepreneurs. His great-grandfather was the pyrotechnician for the wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, while his grandfather, who settled in Australia, introduced cider-making to the continent. His father ran a flying circus before becoming an engineer with Mobil, and his mother was of Irish extraction.[2]

He was a pupil at Sydney Grammar School and briefly studied medicine. He worked as a disc jockey for the ABC, and joined the University Air Squadron but the Korean war ended before he had a chance to participate.[2]

Career


Gyngell's media career began in the record industry, in the mid-1950s, when he was hired by Australian label Festival Records. He was soon poached by Sir Frank Packer, who hired him to assist in the establishment of TCN-9, Australia's first commercial television station, in 1956. Gyngell is often credited as being the first person to appear on Australian television on 16 September 1956, when he spoke the words, "Good evening, and welcome to television". He was also the country's first television quiz host.[3] However, many people (possibly several hundred) had already appeared in television test broadcasts in Australia prior to Gyngell, including performer Alan Rowe, comedy duo 'Ada & Elsie', 'Happy' Hammond, and Graham Kennedy.

During the 1970s, Gyngell was the head of many television networks in Australia, including the Nine Network, the Seven Network and as deputy chairman of ATV in the United Kingdom for a period from 1972,[4] but Grade refused to make him company chairman.[2] Gyngell left to become the first chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (later the Australian Broadcasting Authority),[4] and was its first chairman. He was the first chief executive of Australia's Channel 0 (now the Special Broadcasting Service or SBS) from 1980.[3]

In the United Kingdom, he was managing director at TV-am between 1984 and 1992 and is credited with introducing the sofa format of breakfast television.[1] The new franchise holder's launch in 1983 was a fiasco and he rescued the company, then losing £500,000 a month, from becoming bankrupt.[2] Kerry Packer's Consolidated Press had a large stake in the business and it was at the insistence of Packer that Gyngell assumed the position. During a technicians' strike over pay, 390 employees were locked out of the building and 200 of them were eventually sacked. Over a three-month period, managers became cameramen and 50 journalists were relocated to New York for the news service.[4] The UK Conservative government introduced legislation which inadvertently led to the demise of TV-am; Gyngell received a personal letter of apology from Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.[5]

He returned to Australia in 1993 as chief executive of Nine.[3] In 1995, Gyngell was asked by company chairman Ward Thomas to join Yorkshire Television (which, after taking over Tyne Tees Television, had become 'Yorkshire-Tyne Tees Television').[6] On the station, an ITV franchise holder, Gyngell refused to run late-night programmes carried elsewhere on the network such as Hollywood Lovers which featured segments on such issues as genital plastic surgery.[2] Yorkshire had itself contributed £120,000 to its production budget, but he found the explicit content objectionable. Gyngell stayed with the company until 1997 when it was taken over by Granada.[7]

Gyngell repeated his opening night words upon the opening of the Special Broadcasting Service in 1980, and again in 1995, when cable television brought along Optus Television. He was the founder of the Nine Network's music-variety program, Bandstand, which he had adapted from the US programme American Bandstand.

Personal life


Gyngell followed a macrobiotic diet in his later life.[2]

Gyngell married twice and had five children. His first marriage was to Ann Barr, an interior designer,[4] with whom he had three children: designer Briony Gyngell, restaurateur and chef Skye Gyngell,[8] and Nine Network CEO David Gyngell, who is married to Leila McKinnon. In 1986, he married Kathy Rowan, a TV-am producer. The couple had two sons, Adam and Jamie.[2]

Death


Gyngell died at the age of 71, on 7 September 2000 in Chelsea, London, from lung cancer; he did not smoke.[7] Upon Gyngell's death, the Prime Minister of Australia John Howard paid tribute to him, saying, "It's a big loss to the Australian television industry. In a way, he probably contributed more to the industry than just about any other Australian."[9]

Filmography


References


  1. Robins, Jane (9 September 2000). "Bruce Gyngell, pink-thinking TV pioneer, dies aged 71". The Independent. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  2. Brown, Maggie (9 September 2000). "Bruce Gyngell". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  3. "Bruce Gyngell: the life of a media legend". ninemsn. 10 September 2000. Archived from the original on 28 April 2006.
  4. "Bruce Gyngell". The Daily Telegraph. 9 September 2000. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  5. "TV-am Timeline". Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  6. Horsman, Mathew (2 May 1995). "Yorkshire snaps up former TV-am boss Bruce Gyngell". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  7. "Former TV-am boss dies". BBC News. 8 September 2000. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  8. "Courtney Love of Cooking", Sydney Morning Herald article by Cassandra Jardine, 25 July 2011
  9. "Bruce Gyngell: the life of a media legend" Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, ninemsn, 10 September 2000