Budapest

Budapest (UK: /ˌb(j)dəˈpɛst, ˌbʊd-, ˈb(j)dəpɛst, ˈbʊd-/, US: /ˈbdəpɛst, -pɛʃt, ˌbdəˈpɛʃt/;[10][11][12] Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɑpɛʃt] (listen)) is the capital and most populous city of Hungary. It is the ninth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits and the second-largest city on the Danube river;[13][14][15] the city has an estimated population of 1,752,286 over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles).[16] Budapest, which is both a city and county, forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33% of the population of Hungary.[17][18]

Budapest
Capital City of Hungary
Magyarország fővárosa
Nicknames: 
Heart of Europe, Queen of the Danube, Pearl of the Danube, Capital of Freedom, Capital of Spas and Thermal Baths, Capital of Festivals
Budapest
Location within Hungary
Budapest
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E
Country Hungary
RegionCentral Hungary
Unification of Buda, Pest and Óbuda17 November 1873
Boroughs
Government
  TypeMayor – Council
  BodyGeneral Assembly of Budapest
  MayorGergely Karácsony (Dialogue)
Area
  Capital city525.2 km2 (202.8 sq mi)
  Urban
2,538 km2 (980 sq mi)
  Metro
7,626 km2 (2,944 sq mi)
ElevationLowest (Danube) 96 m
Highest (János Hill) 527 m (315 to 1,729 ft)
Population
 (2017)[4][5]
  Capital city1,752,286[6]
  Rank1st (9th in EU)
  Density3,388/km2 (8,770/sq mi)
  Urban
2,997,958[7]
  Metro
3,011,598[8]
DemonymsBudapester, budapesti (Hungarian)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code(s)
1011–1239
Area code1
ISO 3166 codeHU-BU
NUTS codeHU101
HDI (2018)0.901[9]very high · 1st
WebsiteBudapestInfo Official
Government Official
Official nameBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Reference400
Inscription1987 (11th Session)
Extensions2002
Area473.3 ha
Buffer zone493.8 ha

The history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum,[19][20] the capital of Lower Pannonia.[19] The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century,[21] but the area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241–42.[22] Re-established Buda became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century.[23][24][25] The Battle of Mohács, in 1526, was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule.[26] After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity, with Pest-Buda becoming a global city after the unification of Buda, Óbuda and Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name 'Budapest' given to the new capital.[16][27] Budapest also became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,[28] a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I. The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, as well as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.[29][30]

Budapest is a Beta + global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education and entertainment.[31][32] Hungary's financial centre,[33] it is the second richest capital and city in the region after Bucharest.[34][35] Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology,[36] the European Police College[37] and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency.[38] Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, the Corvinus University, Semmelweis University, University of Veterinary Medicine Budapest and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.[39][40] Opened in 1896,[41] the city's subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily.[42]

The central area of Budapest along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has several notable monuments of classical architecture, including the Hungarian Parliament and the Buda Castle.[43] The city also has around 80 geothermal springs,[44] the largest thermal water cave system,[45] second largest synagogue, and third largest Parliament building in the world.[46] Budapest attracts around 12 million international tourists per year, making it a highly popular destination in Europe.[47] It also topped the Best European Destinations 2020 list by Big7Media.[48] Budapest also ranks as the third-best European city in a similar poll conducted by Which?.[49]


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