Bulgarians (Bulgarian: българи, romanized: Balgari, IPA: [ˈbɤɫɡɐri]) are a nation and South Slavic[53][54][55] ethnic group native to Bulgaria and its neighbouring region.

Total population
c. 9 million[1][2][3]
Regions with significant populations
 Bulgaria 6,000,000 (2019)[a]
 Turkey351,000–600,000 (2014–2008)[b]
 Germany310,415[n] (2017)[4]
 Ukraine204,574[e]–500,000 (2001)[5][6]
 Spain126,997[n]–350,000 (2017)[7][8]
 United States115,012[h]–300,000 (2016)[9][10]
 United Kingdom91,000/77,000–105,000/[n] (2016–2017)[11]
 Moldova (incl. Transnistria)79,520[e] (2004)[12]
 Brazil74,000[h] (2016)[13][14]
 Greece72,893[n]–300,000 (2015)[15][16][b]
 Argentina70,000 (2008)[17]
 Italy58,620[n]–120,000 (2016)[18][19]
 Canada30,485[h]–70,000 (2011)[16][20]
 Belgium29,100[f] (2014)[21]
 Netherlands23,612[n]–27,729[m] (2017)[22]
 Austria25,686[n] (2017)[23]
 Russia (2010 area)24,038[e]–330,000 (2010)[2][24]
 Cyprus (excl. TRNC)19,197[n] (2011)[25]
 Serbia18,543[e] (2011)[26]
 France17,626[n]–50,000 (2015)[15][27]
 Czech Republic12,250[n] (2016)[28]
 Denmark9,955 (2018)[29]
 Sweden6,257[d]–9,105[f] (2016)[30]
 Norway6,752[n]–8,180[m] (2017)[31]
  Switzerland8,588[n] (2017)[32]
 Portugal7,019[n]–12,000 (2016)[33][34]
 Romania7,336[e] (2011)[35]
 Australia5,436[h] (2011)[36]
 Kazakhstan4,523[e] (2009)[37]
 South Africa4,224[n]–20,000 (2015)[15][38]
 Hungary4,022 (2016)[39]
 Finland2,840 (2018)[40]
 Slovenia1,500 (2011)
 North Macedonia1,417 (2002)
Predominantly Orthodox Christianity
(Bulgarian Orthodox Church)
with Muslim, Catholic, Protestant and Jewish minorities
Related ethnic groups
Other South Slavs, especially Macedonians,[41] Slavic speakers in Greece and Torlak speakers in Serbia.

^ a: The 2011 census figure was 5,664,624.[42] The question on ethnicity was voluntary and 10% of the population did not declare any ethnicity,[43] thus the figure is considered an underestimation. Ethnic Bulgarians are estimated at around 6 million, 85% of the population.[44]
^ b: Estimates[45][46] of the number of Pomaks whom most scholars categorize as Bulgarians[47][48]
^ c: According to the 2002 census there were 1,417 Bulgarians in North Macedonia.[49] Between 2003 and 2017, according to the data provided by Bulgarian authorities some 87,483[50]-200,000[51] permanent residents of North Macedonia declared Bulgarian origin in their applications for Bulgarian citizenship, of which 67,355 requests were granted. A minor part of them are among the total of 2,934 North Macedonia-born residents, who are residing in Bulgaria by 2016.[52]
^ d: by citizenship excluding dual citizens
^ e: by single ethnic group per person
^ f: by foreign-born
^ h: by heritage
^ n: by legal nationality
^ m: by nationality, naturalisation and descendant background