Burgos

Burgos (UK: /ˈbʊərɡɒs/ BOOR-goss, US: /ˈbʊərɡs/ BOOR-gohss, Spanish: [ˈburgos]) is a city of Spain located in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is the capital and most populated municipality of the province of Burgos.

Burgos
View of Burgos
Motto(s): 
Caput Castellae, camera regia, prima voce et fide
Cabeza de Castilla, cámara real, primera en voz y fidelidad
("Head of Castile, royal chamber, first in voice and fidelity")[1]
Anthem: Himno a Burgos[2]
Burgos
Location in Spain
Burgos
Burgos (Castile and León)
Coordinates: 42°21′00″N 3°42′24″W
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastile and León
ProvinceBurgos
Founded884
Founded byDiego Rodríguez Porcelos
Government
  MayorDaniel de la Rosa (PSOE)
Area
  Municipality107.06 km2 (41.34 sq mi)
Elevation
865 m (2,838 ft)
Population
 (2018)[3]
  Municipality175,921
  Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
  Metro
200,000
  Metro density1.642.27/km2 (4.25/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1
Postal codes
09001–09007
Area code(s)9059
Distances122 km (76 mi) to Valladolid
159 km (99 mi) to Bilbao
244 km (152 mi) to Madrid
618 km (384 mi) to Barcelona
RiversArlanzón, Vena, Pico, Cardeñadijo
DemonymBurgalés/burgalesa
Websitewww.aytoburgos.es

It is situated in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, on the confluence of the Arlanzón river tributaries, at the edge of the central plateau. The municipality has a population of about 180,000 inhabitants. It forms part of the Camino de Santiago.

Founded in 884 by Diego Rodríguez Porcelos, Burgos soon became the leading city of the embryonic County of Castile.[4] 11th century chieftain Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (El Cid) is connected to the city, as he was born near Burgos and was raised and educated there. In a long-lasting decline since the 17th century,[5] following the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Burgos became the headquarters of the Francoist proto-government. Declared in 1964 as Pole of Industrial Promotion and in 1969 as Pole of Industrial Development,[6] the city has grown since then in terms of economic activity. At the regional level, Burgos forms part of an economic axis together with the cities of Valladolid and Palencia.[7] In 2008, the international Burgos Airport started to offer commercial flights.

The Museum of Human Evolution opened here in 2010. The museum features remains of the first hominins in Europe, which lived in this area 750,000-800,000 years ago. The Cathedral of Burgos is a World Heritage Site.[8] Burgos was selected as the "Spanish Gastronomy Capital" of 2013. In 2015 it was named "City of Gastronomy" by UNESCO and has been part of the Creative Cities Network since then.[9]