Burgundy wine

Burgundy wine (French: Bourgogne or vin de Bourgogne) is made in the Burgundy region of eastern France,[1] in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône, a tributary of the Rhône. The most famous wines produced here—those commonly referred to as "Burgundies"—are dry red wines made from pinot noir grapes and white wines made from chardonnay grapes.

Wine region
Official nameBourgogne
Typewine region
Year establishedAOC by Statutory order on 30 July 1935
Country France
Climate regionZone C I
Soil conditionsArgilo-limestone
Size of planted vineyards29,500 hectares
25,000 Classified as AOC vineyards
No. of vineyards100 AOCs
Grapes produced59.5% of White Varieties, 33.8% of Red varieties and 6.7% of crémant
Varietals producedPinot noir, Gamay,
Chardonnay, Aligoté
Official designation(s)Regional, Village, 1er cru and Grand cru
Official nameLes climats du vignoble de Bourgogne
LocationYonne, Saône-et-Loire, Côte d'Or, France
Part ofThe Climats, terroirs of Burgundy
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(v)
Inscription2015 (39th Session)
Area13,118 ha (50.65 sq mi)
Buffer zone50,011 ha (193.09 sq mi)
Coordinates47°3′29″N 4°51′52″E
Location of Burgundy wine in France

Red and white wines are also made from other grape varieties, such as gamay and aligoté, respectively. Small amounts of rosé and sparkling wines are also produced in the region. Chardonnay-dominated Chablis and gamay-dominated Beaujolais are recognised as part of the Burgundy wine region, but wines from those subregions are usually referred to by their own names rather than as "Burgundy wines".

Burgundy has a higher number of appellations d'origine contrôlée (AOCs) than any other French region, and is often seen as the most terroir-conscious of the French wine regions. The various Burgundy AOCs are classified from carefully delineated grand cru vineyards down to more non-specific regional appellations. The practice of delineating vineyards by their terroir in Burgundy goes back to medieval times, when various monasteries played a key role in developing the Burgundy wine industry.