Borough of Burnley


The Borough of Burnley (/ˈbɜːrnli/) is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a non-metropolitan district and borough. It has an area of 42.7 square miles (110.7 km2) and a population of 88,920 (mid-2019 est.), and is named after its largest town, Burnley. The borough is bounded by Hyndburn, Ribble Valley, Pendle, Rossendale – all in Lancashire – and the borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire. It is governed by Burnley Borough Council, which is currently under no overall control following the 2019 local elections.

Borough of Burnley
Borough
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Shown within ceremonial Lancashire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial countyLancashire
Admin. HQBurnley
Government
  TypeBurnley Borough Council
  Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
  Executive:Five-party coalition
  MPs:Antony Higginbotham
Area
  Total42.7 sq mi (110.7 km2)
Area rank204th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total88,920
  RankRanked 274th
  Density2,100/sq mi (800/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode
BB10-12
Area code(s)01282
ONS code30UD (ONS)
E07000117 (GSS)
Ethnicity90.1% White
8.2% S.Asian
0.9% Mixed Race[1]
Websiteburnley.gov.uk

History


The district was formed on 1 April 1974, when the former county borough of Burnley merged with the urban district of Padiham and part of Burnley Rural District.

At this time Simonstone and the civil parish of North Town (historically associated with Padiham) were included in the borough, with the two merging in 1983. However after a public campaign to move Simonstone into the Borough of Ribble Valley and Boundary Commission review completed in 1985, the part of North Town south of the A6068 Padiham Bypass was added to Ightenhill. Another part was transferred to Pendle district's Higham with West Close Booth and small adjustments occurred to the boundaries with Padiham and Hyndburn's Altham along the River Calder.[2]

In 2007 its proposal to merge with neighbouring Pendle Borough Council to form a larger unitary authority was rejected by the government.[3]

Governance


Burnley Borough Council
PartySeats  Changes
(compared with 2019)  
Labour183
Conservative93
Liberal Democrat83
Green53
Independent51 2021 local election results in Burnley

Burnley Borough Council has had a predominantly Labour controlled history, the party returned to power in 2012, after a period of leadership by the Liberal Democrats. Following the 2019 local election, Labour lost control of the council and a coalition of all the other parties formed a new executive.[4] The borough comprises 15 wards electing a total of 45 councillors.

Wards: Bank Hall, Briercliffe, Brunshaw, Coal Clough with Deerplay, Daneshouse with Stoneyholme, Gannow, Lanehead, Queensgate, Rosegrove with Lowerhouse, Rosehill with Burnley Wood, Trinity, and Whittlefield with Ightenhill, Cliviger with Worsthorne, Gawthorpe, and Hapton with Park.

The borough contains the civil parishes of Ightenhill, Habergham Eaves, Dunnockshaw, Hapton, Cliviger, Briercliffe, and Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood.

Padiham Town Council was established in 2002.

Since 2002, a number of BNP councillors have been elected in the borough, with the last councillor losing her seat in the Hapton with Park ward in 2012.

Geography


Places in the borough of Burnley include:

Name Civil parish Classification Co-ordinates
Burnley N/A Town 53.789°N 2.248°W / 53.789; -2.248
Padiham Padiham Town 53.797°N 2.311°W / 53.797; -2.311
Hapton Hapton Village 53.780°N 2.315°W / 53.780; -2.315
Worsthorne Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood Village 53.788°N 2.191°W / 53.788; -2.191
Brownside Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood Hamlet 53.789°N 2.200°W / 53.789; -2.200
Walk Mill Cliviger Hamlet 53.768°N 2.210°W / 53.768; -2.210
Lane Bottom Briercliffe Hamlet 53.816°N 2.187°W / 53.816; -2.187
Mereclough Cliviger Hamlet 53.771°N 2.193°W / 53.771; -2.193
Southward Bottom Cliviger Hamlet 53.762°N 2.198°W / 53.762; -2.198
Overtown Cliviger Hamlet 53.766°N 2.196°W / 53.766; -2.196
Holme Chapel Cliviger Village 53.753°N 2.191°W / 53.753; -2.191
Hurstwood Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood Hamlet 53.779°N 2.182°W / 53.779; -2.182
Cockden Briercliffe Hamlet 53.810°N 2.192°W / 53.810; -2.192
Clowbridge Dunnockshaw Hamlet 53.750°N 2.267°W / 53.750; -2.267
Dunnockshaw Dunnockshaw Hamlet 53.746°N 2.280°W / 53.746; -2.280
Rogerham Briercliffe Hamlet 53.800°N 2.180°W / 53.800; -2.180

Media gallery

Demography


The Borough of Burnley compared
UK Census 2011Burnley[5]NW England[6]England[7]
Total population87,0597,052,17753,012,456
Foreign born7.7%8.2%13.8%
White87.4%90.2%85.4%
Asian10.7%5.5%7.1%
Black0.2%1.4%3.5%
Christian63.6%67.3%59.4%
Muslim9.9%5.1%5.0%
Hindu0.2%0.5%1.5%
No religion19.7%19.8%24.7%
Under 18 years old22.2%21.2%21.4%
Over 65 years old16.2%16.6%16.3%
Unemployed5.3%4.7%4.4%
Perm. sick / disabled7.0%5.6%4.0%

The borough's population has fallen from a high of 130,339 in 1911 to an estimated 87,700 in 2005.[8] Between 1991 and 2001, it fell by 2.6%. Its employment rate of 59.0% places it 261st out of 376 local authorities in England & Wales; just 12.6% of its workforce are graduates, placing it 325th out of 376 local authorities.[9]

A 2010 report commissioned by the BBC and compiled by Experian ranked the borough as having the second lowest property prices in England, this combined with GCSE results and crime rates, led to the borough being ranked as the worst place in England.[10]

Public services


Education

Education Services in the borough are provided and controlled by Lancashire County Council.

Health

Health services in the borough are provided by East Lancashire Primary Care Trust and East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, with additional services provided by the North West Ambulance Service and North West Air Ambulance.

The Hospital Trust operates Burnley General Hospital, while the PCT operates the network of GP surgeries, and recently opened 2 Primary Health Care Centres in the borough (St. Peters Centre in 2006 and Briercliffe in 2007).[11]

Policing

Policing Services in the borough are provided by the Pennine division of Lancashire Constabulary based at Burnley Police station, and controlled by Lancashire County Council. Plans are in place to merge the pennine division into the neighbouring eastern division, based in Blackburn.[12] Policing Services of the borough's Railways are provided by North West division of the British Transport Police – the nearest Transport Police office being in Preston.[13]

Fire and rescue

Fire and rescue services in the borough are provided by Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service and controlled by Lancashire County Council.

Waste and recycling

Refuse and Recycling Collections, and Street Cleansing services are the responsibly of the borough council, and these services are currently contracted to Urbaser Ltd.

The borough Council has signed up to Lancashire's Municipal Waste Management Strategy, which specifies that the borough must recycle or compost 56% of all waste by 2015 and 61% by 2020.

There are currently 2 household waste recycling centres run by Lancashire County Council in the borough. One located on Grosvenor Street in Burnley and the second on Park Road in Padiham. Lancashire County Councils long term plans to replace the Burnley site with facility at Heasandford Industrial Estate on the north eastern edge of the town, where approved in 2010 despite local objections regarding the site's suitability. 3 months later they then announced the closure of the Padiham site as part of cost-cutting measures, increasing the unsuitability of the new Burnley site's location.[14]

Freedom of the Borough


The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Burnley.

Individuals

Military Units

Neighbouring districts


See also


References


  1. www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  2. "Local Government Boundary Commission For England Report No. 5O5" (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission For England. October 1985. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  3. "Government says no to home rule for Burnley and Pendle" Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Burnley Borough Council website, 27 March 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2007.
  4. Peter Magill (30 May 2019). "New leader takes charge of rainbow coalition for Burnley Council". Lancashire Telegraph. Newsquest Media Group. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  5. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Burnley Local Authority (1946157091)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  6. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – North West Region (2013265922)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  7. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – England Country (2092957699)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  8. A Vision of Britain Through Time Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
  9. Office for National Statistics|2001 Census. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
  10. BBC News (Excel Spreatsheet) Accessed 2010
  11. East Lancs PCT Archived 30 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 2010
  12. Blackburn chosen as new police base for Eastern division Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 2013
  13. Transport Police Stations in the North West[permanent dead link] Accessed 2013
  14. Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 2010
  15. "'A wonderful player and a wonderful man' - Former teammates pay tribute to Jimmy McIlroy". The Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  16. "Cricketer James Anderson to be given freedom of Burnley". BBC News. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  17. "Ful Council Special Meeting 8th December 2011". Burnley Borough Council. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  18. "Mayor of Burnley congratulates veterans of HMS Active". Burnley Borough Council. Retrieved 12 July 2021.