Busan

Busan (Korean pronunciation: [pu.sa̠n]), officially known as Busan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second-most populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.4 million inhabitants.[4] Formerly romanized as Pusan, it is the economic, cultural and educational center of southeastern South Korea, with its port—Korea's busiest and the sixth-busiest in the world.[lower-alpha 1] The surrounding "Southeast Economic Zone" (including Ulsan and South Gyeongsang) is South Korea's largest industrial area.

Busan
부산시
Busan Metropolitan City
부산광역시
  transcription(s)
  Hangul부산
  Hanja釜山
  Revised RomanizationBusan Gwangyeoksi
  McCune-ReischauerPusan Kwangyŏksi[1]
Anthem:
부산찬가
"Busan Hymn"[2]
Busan
Location in South Korea
Busan
Busan (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°10′N 129°04′E
Country South Korea
RegionYeongnam
Districts16
Government
  TypeMayor-Council
  MayorPark Heong-joon (People Power)
  BodyBusan Metropolitan Council
  National Representation
 - National Assembly
18 / 299
6.0% (total seats)
18 / 245
7.3% (constituency seats)
List
Area
  Metropolitan City770.04 km2 (297.31 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2020)
  Metropolitan City3,411,829
  Density4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
  Metro
7,000,699
  Dialect
Gyeongsang
Area code(s)(+82) 051
ISO 3166 codeKR-410
FlowerCamellia flower
FishMackerel
BirdSeagull
GDPUS$75.8 billion[3]
GDP per capitaUS$22,000[3]
WebsiteOfficial website (English)
Busan
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBusan
McCune–ReischauerPusan
Busan Metropolitan City
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBusan Gwangyeoksi
McCune–ReischauerPusan Kwangyŏksi

Busan is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county, together housing a population of approximately 3.6 million. The full metropolitan area, the Southeastern Maritime Industrial Region, has a population of approximately 8 million.[6] The most densely built-up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong and the Suyeong Rivers, with mountains separating most of the districts. The Nakdong is Korea's longest river and Busan's Haeundae Beach is also the country's largest.

Busan is a center for international conventions, hosting APEC in 2005. It is also a center for sports tournaments in Korea, having hosted the 2002 Asian Games and FIFA World Cup. It is home to the world's largest department store, the Shinsegae Centum City.[7] Busan was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as a "City of Film" in December 2014.[8]