Bydgoszcz (UK: /ˈbɪdɡɒʃ/ BID-goshtch,[2] US: /-ɡɔːʃ()/ -gawsh(tch),[3][4][5] Polish: [ˈbɨdɡɔʂt͡ʂ] (listen); German: Bromberg)[lower-alpha 1] is a city in northern Poland, straddling the meeting of the Vistula with its left-bank tributary, the Brda. It is at the crossroads of two historic regions: Pomerania and Kuyavia.


Coordinates: 53°7′19″N 18°00′01″E
Country Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
Countycity county
Establishedbefore 1238
Town rights1346
  MayorRafał Bruski (PO)
  City Council ChairpersonMonika Matowska (PO)
  Total175.98 km2 (67.95 sq mi)
60 m (200 ft)
 (31 December 2019)
  Total348,190 (8th)[1]
  Density1,980/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
85-001 to 85–915
Area code(s)(+48) 52
Car platesCB
Primary airportBydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport

With a city population of 348,190 (December 2019),[1] and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz is the eighth-largest city in Poland. It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999. Prior to this, between 1947 and 1998, it was the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship, and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship between 1945 and 1947.

The city is part of the Bydgoszcz–Toruń metropolitan area, which totals over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of Casimir the Great University, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory, as well as the Medical College of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. It also hosts the Pomeranian Philharmonic concert hall, the Opera Nova opera house, and Bydgoszcz Airport. Being between the Vistula and Oder (Odra in Polish) rivers, and by the Bydgoszcz Canal, the city is connected via the Noteć, Warta, Elbe and German canals with the Rhine, a river linked to the Mediterranean and Black Seas by canals and flowing into the North Sea.

Bydgoszcz is an architecturally rich city, with gothic, neo-gothic, neo-baroque, neoclassicist, modernist and Art Nouveau styles present, for which it earned a nickname Little Berlin.[12] The notable granaries on Mill Island and along the riverside belong to one of the most recognized timber-framed landmarks in Poland.[13]