CONCACAF Gold Cup


The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Spanish: Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF, French: Coupe D'or CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. It was previously referred to as the CONCACAF Championship before being renamed to the CONCACAF Gold Cup starting in 1991.

CONCACAF Gold Cup
Coupe D'or CONCACAF (French)
Copa de Oro CONCACAF (Spanish)
Founded1963; 58 years ago (1963)[1]
RegionNorth America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams16 (finals)
Current champions Mexico (8th title)
Most successful team(s) Mexico (8 titles)
WebsiteOfficial website
2021 CONCACAF Gold Cup & qualification

History


Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2019

Championships before CONCACAF

Before the Confederation of North American (including Central America) and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) was formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–'61, Costa Rica winning seven ('41, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador ('43), Panama ('51) and Haiti ('57). The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and '49 and later, after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and '91 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning three times ('47, ’49 & '91) and Canada winning once ('90) [2]

CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989)

CONCACAF was founded in 1961 through the merging of NAFC and CCCF which resulted in a single championship being held for the continent. The first CONCACAF tournament was held in 1963 in El Salvador with Costa Rica becoming the first champion. The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was held every two years from 1963 to 1973. The second tournament was held in Guatemala in 1965 when Mexico defeated the host country in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to Trinidad & Tobago, the first time in the Caribbean. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams playing a single round-robin, but there were bigger stakes attached: CONCACAF's berth in the FIFA World Cup tournament in 1974. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off an upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in the World Cup in West Germany.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Mexico City and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively. In each case the host country was crowned champion and earned a spot in the World Cup. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in 1985 and 1989, receiving a trophy.[3][better source needed]

CONCACAF Gold Cup (since 1991)


In 1990, CONCACAF renamed and restructured the CONCACAF Championship as the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the United States hosting the first competition in 1991, and hosting or co-hosting every subsequent iteration of the tournament (as of 2019). The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998.

In 1996, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil. Guests were invited to participate in the six Gold Cup tournaments from 1996 to 2005. Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams and for the 2007 tournament, the Gold Cup again was contested exclusively by nations within CONCACAF.

The 2007 Gold Cup hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2–1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third place. Mexico won the 2009 Gold Cup by beating the United States 5–0. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the USA 4–2 in the final while the USA won the 2013 Gold Cup by beating Panama 1–0.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won eight times by Mexico, six times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, and Jamaica.

Before 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall in the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest-placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. In 2015, the winners of the previous two Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions) faced each other in CONCACAF Cup – a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the 2017 Confederations Cup.[4]

In January 2017, Victor Montagliani announced the expansion of the Gold Cup from 12 to 16 teams, starting with the 2019 tournament.[5] In November 2018, Costa Rica was announced as one of the hosts of the 2019 tournament, with a group B double-header set to be held at the Estadio Nacional. [6] In April 2019, it was announced that Jamaica would host a doubleheader in group C at Independence Park. [7]

Results


CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989)
Edition Year Host(s) Final Group Rank Number of teams
Winner Runner-up 3rd Place 4th Place
1 1963  El Salvador
Costa Rica

El Salvador

Netherlands Antilles

Honduras
9
2 1965  Guatemala
Mexico

Guatemala

Costa Rica

El Salvador
6
3 1967  Honduras
Guatemala

Mexico

Honduras

Trinidad and Tobago
6
4 1969  Costa Rica
Costa Rica

Guatemala

Netherlands Antilles

Mexico
6
5 1971  Trinidad and Tobago
Mexico

Haiti

Costa Rica

Cuba
6
World Cup Qualifying Period
6 1973  Haiti
Haiti

Trinidad and Tobago

Mexico

Honduras
6
7 1977  Mexico
Mexico

Haiti

El Salvador

Canada
6
8 1981  Honduras
Honduras

El Salvador

Mexico

Canada
6
9 1985 CONCACAF (No Fixed Venue)
Canada

Honduras

Costa Rica

El Salvador
9
10 1989 CONCACAF (No Fixed Venue)
Costa Rica

United States

Trinidad and Tobago

Guatemala
5
CONCACAF Gold Cup (1991-Present)
Edition Year Host(s) Final Third place match Number of teams
Winners Score Runners-up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1 1991  United States
United States
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–3 pen.)

Honduras

Mexico
2–0
Costa Rica
8
2 1993  United States
 Mexico

Mexico
4–0
United States

Costa Rica
1–1
(a.e.t.)
(1)

Jamaica
8
3 1996  United States
Mexico
2–0
Brazil

United States
3–0
Guatemala
9
4 1998  United States
Mexico
1–0
United States

Brazil
1–0
Jamaica
10
5 2000  United States
Canada
2–0
Colombia
Not Held 12
 Peru
 Trinidad and Tobago
6 2002  United States
United States
2–0
Costa Rica

Canada
2–1
South Korea
12
7 2003  United States
 Mexico

Mexico
1–0
(a.s.d.e.t.)

Brazil

United States
3–2
Costa Rica
12
8 2005  United States
United States
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(3–1 pen.)

Panama
Not held 12
 Colombia
 Honduras
9 2007  United States
United States
2–1
Mexico
 Canada
Guadeloupe
12
10 2009  United States
Mexico
5–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Honduras
12
11 2011  United States
Mexico
4–2
United States
 Honduras
 Panama
12
12 2013  United States
United States
1–0
Panama
 Honduras
 Mexico
12
13 2015  United States
 Canada

Mexico
3–1
Jamaica

Panama
1–1 a.e.t.
(3–2 pen.)

United States
12
14 2017  United States
United States
2–1
Jamaica
Not held 12
 Costa Rica
 Mexico
15 2019  United States
 Costa Rica
 Jamaica

Mexico
1–0
United States
 Haiti
 Jamaica
16
16 2021  United States TBD TBD TBD 16
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • a.s.d.e.t.: after sudden death extra time
  • pen: after penalty shoot-out

(1) Costa Rica and Jamaica shared third place.

Performance by country


The following table shows cumulative top four results for all editions of the CONCACAF Championship and Gold Cup. The third place column lists third-place match winners (or shared-draws) and teams that were eliminated in the semi-finals in years without a third-place match. The fourth place column lists opponents who had lost the third-place match or had a weaker cumulative result where a third-place match wasn't played. Years in italics indicate tournament in CONCACAF Championship era.

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
 Mexico 11 (1965, 1971, 1977, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015, 2019) 2 (1967, 2007) 5 (1973, 1981, 1991, 2013, 2017 1 (1969)
 United States 6 (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017) 6 (1989, 1993, 1998, 2009, 2011, 2019) 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (2015)
 Costa Rica 3 (1963, 1969, 1989) 1 (2002) 4 (1965, 1971, 1985, 1993) 4 (1991, 2003, 2009, 2017)
 Canada 2 (1985, 2000) 2 (2002, 2007) 2 (1977, 1981)
 Honduras 1 (1981) 2 (1985, 1991) 3 (1967, 2005, 2009) 4 (1963, 1973, 2011, 2013)
 Haiti 1 (1973) 2 (1971, 1977) 1 (2019)
 Guatemala 1 (1967) 2 (1965, 1969) 2 (1989, 1996)
 Panama 2 (2005, 2013) 2 (2011, 2015)
 El Salvador 2 (1963, 1981) 1 (1977) 2 (1965, 1985)
 Jamaica 2 (2015, 2017) 1 (1993) 2 (1998, 2019)
 Brazil 1 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (1998)
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 (1973) 2 (1989, 2000) 1 (1967)
 Colombia 1 1 (2000) 1 (2005)
 Netherlands Antilles 2 (1963, 1969)
 Cuba 1 (1971)
 Peru 1 1 (2000)
 South Korea 1 1 (2002)
 Guadeloupe 1 (2007)

1 Guest Nations.

Records and statistics


All-time table


Rank Team Part P W D L F A +/- Points Best result
1  Mexico 23 111 76 20 15 249 69 +180 248 Champions (11x) (1965, 1971, 1977, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015, 2019)
2  United States 17 91 67 13 11 172 61 +111 214 Champions (6x) (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017)
3  Costa Rica 20 95 41 28 26 154 97 +57 151 Champions (3x) (1963, 1969, 1989)
4  Honduras 20 86 32 20 34 118 105 +13 116 Champions (1x) (1981)
5  Canada 17 63 23 19 21 80 80 0 88 Champions (2x) (1985, 2000)
6  El Salvador 17 67 20 18 29 72 99 -27 78 Runners-up (1963, 1981)
7  Guatemala 18 69 19 20 30 82 88 -6 77 Champions (1x) (1967)
8  Haiti 14 58 18 12 28 56 80 -24 66 Champions (1x) (1973)
9  Trinidad and Tobago 16 62 17 15 30 75 105 -30 66 Runners-up (1973)
10  Jamaica 13 54 18 10 26 57 91 -34 64 Runners-up (2015, 2017)
11  Panama 10 46 15 17 14 67 54 +13 62 Runners-up (2005, 2013)
12  Curaçao 6 30 8 6 16 33 65 -32 30 Third place (1963, 1969)
13  Brazil 1 3 14 8 2 4 22 9 +13 26 Runners-up (1996, 2003)
14  Cuba 10 37 5 6 26 27 112 -85 21 Fourth place (1971)
15  Colombia 1 3 13 5 2 6 14 17 -3 17 Runners-up (2000)
16  Martinique 6 17 4 2 11 16 37 -21 14 6th place (2002)
17  Guadeloupe 3 12 4 1 7 12 18 -6 13 Fourth place (2007)
18  South Africa 1 1 4 1 3 0 7 6 +1 6 7th place (2005)
19  Peru 1 1 4 1 1 2 7 7 0 4 Fourth place (2000)
20  South Korea 1 2 7 0 4 3 5 9 -4 4 Fourth place (2002)
21  Bermuda 1 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 3 11th place (2019)
22  Ecuador 1 1 2 1 0 1 2 2 0 3 9th place (2002)
23  Guyana 1 3 0 1 2 3 9 -6 1 13th place (2019)
24  Suriname 2 9 0 1 8 8 26 -18 1 6th place (1977)
25  Nicaragua 5 18 0 1 17 6 50 -44 1 6th place (1967)
26  French Guiana 1 3 0 0 3 2 10 -8 0 12th place (2017)
27  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8 0 9th place (1996)
28  Belize 1 3 0 0 3 1 11 -10 0 12th place (2013)
29  Grenada 2 6 0 0 6 1 25 -24 0 11th place (2011)
30  France 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1 Guest Nations.

  • Years in italics indicate tournament in CONCACAF Championship era

Media coverage


In the United States, the CONCACAF Gold Cup airs on Fox Sports and Univision (since 2000). In Mexico it airs on Televisa and TV Azteca. In Canada, after years on Sportsnet and TSN, it will be broadcast exclusively on OneSoccer starting in 2021.

Official songs


Like most international football tournaments, the CONCACAF Gold Cup has featured official songs for each tournament since 2002. Unlike most larger tournaments, such as the FIFA World Cup, the songs were usually mainstream music released at around the same year of each tournament, in English or Spanish (the tournament's official languages) as well as several other languages.

Gold Cup Official Song/Anthem(s) Language(s) Performer(s) Home country
2002"More Than a Woman"EnglishAaliyah United States
2003"That Don't Impress Me Much (Greatest Hits version)"EnglishShania Twain Canada
2005"Broken Home"EnglishFan 3 United States
2007"Hit Me Up"EnglishGia Farrell
"Baila la Copa"[lower-alpha 1]SpanishOsé Venezuela
2009"Know Your Enemy"EnglishGreen Day United States
2011"More (RedOne Jimmy Joker Remix)"EnglishUsher
2013"Cups"EnglishAnna Kendrick
"Superhero"EnglishSophia & A-Lo Canada
2015"Sun Goes Down"EnglishRobin Schulz with Jasmine Thompson England (Thompson)
 Germany (Schulz)
"All The Way"English
Spanish
Reykon with Bebe Rexha Colombia (Reykon)
 United States (Rexha)
"You Are Unstoppable"EnglishConchita Wurst Austria
2017"The Arena"
"Don't Let This Feeling Fade"
EnglishLindsey Stirling United States
"Bia Beraghsim"English
Persian
Mahan Moin Sweden
"Levántate"SpanishGale Puerto Rico
"Thunder"
"Whatever It Takes"
EnglishImagine Dragons United States
2019"He Loves U Not"EnglishDream
"My Way"EnglishLimp Bizkit
"Caliente"Spanish
Portuguese
Lali ft. Pabllo Vittar Argentina
 Brazil
"Kobotama"EnglishSam Renascent Belgium
2021"Matches"EnglishBritney Spears and Backstreet Boys United States
"Pa'lante"Spanish
English
Lao Ra ft. Happy Colors Colombia (Lao Ra)
 Dominican Republic (Happy Colors)
"Would I Lie"EnglishKeiino with Electric Fields Norway (Keiino)
 Australia (Electric Fields)
"Let Me Go (Robin Schulz remix)"Robin Schulz ft. Emin Germany (Schulz)
 Azerbaijan (Emin)

See also


Notes


  1. Was also used for the 2007 Copa América

References


  1. "2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup – Technical Report" (PDF). CONCACAF. 12 November 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  2. http://www.goldcup.org
  3. "1985 Gabriel Kafaty Cup". Flickr. 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  4. "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. April 5, 2013.
  5. "Montagliani happy with 2016, sees big things for CONCACAF in new year". Jamaica Observer. 5 January 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14. Retrieved 13 February 2017. Of course the Gold Cup is this year and it is the last edition of 12 teams as we will increase it to 16 for the 2019 version.
  6. "Costa Rica to host 2019 Gold Cup group matches". 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. "Concacaf Announces Jamaica as a Host Venue for the 2019 Gold Cup". 2 April 2019. Retrieved 1 June 2019.