Cabinet of Mexico


The cabinet of Mexico is the Executive Cabinet (Spanish: Gabinete Legal) and is a part of the executive branch of the Mexican government. It consists of nineteen Secretaries of State, the head of the federal executive legal office and the Attorney General.

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In addition to the legal Executive Cabinet there are other Cabinet-level administration offices that report directly to the President of the Republic (Gabinete Ampliado). Officials from the legal and extended Cabinet (Gabinete Legal y Ampliado) are subordinate to the President.

Constitutional and legal basis


Cabinet Officers of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (left) and of Enrique Peña Nieto (right).
Meeting of the cabinet of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto

The term "Cabinet" does not appear in the Constitution, where reference is made only to the Secretaries of State. Article 89 of the Constitution provides that the President of Mexico can assign and remove Secretaries of State.

The Executive Cabinet does not play a collective legislative or executive role (as do the Cabinets in parliamentary systems). The main interaction that Cabinet members have with the legislative branch are regular testimonials before Congressional committees to justify their actions, and coordinate executive and legislative policy in their respective fields of jurisdiction.

Secretary selection process


The Executive Cabinet members are nominated by the President and then they must be approved by the Senate.

Cabinet Secretaries are often selected from past and current governors, senators, and other political office holders. Private citizens such as businessmen or former military officials are also common Cabinet choices.

It is not rare for a Secretary to be moved from one Secretariat to another. For example, former Secretary of Energy Fernando Canales Clariond had previously served as Secretary of Economy and former Secretary of Education Josefina Vázquez Mota had previously served as Secretary of Social Development.

Cabinet and Cabinet-level officials


Cabinet

DepartmentTitleIncumbentImageIn Office since

Secretariat of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretaría de Gobernación)
Secretary of the Interior
(Spanish: Secretaria de Gobernación)
Olga Sánchez Cordero
(b. 1947)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores)
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(Spanish: Secretario de Relaciones Exteriores)
Marcelo Ebrard
(b. 1959)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit
(Spanish: Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público)
Secretary of Finance
(Spanish: Secretario de Hacienda)
Arturo Herrera Gutiérrez
July 9, 2019

Secretariat of National Defense
(Spanish: Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional)
Secretary of Defense
(Spanish: Secretario de Defensa)
Luis Cresencio Sandoval
(b. 1960)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Navy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Marina)
Secretary of Navy
(Spanish: Secretario de Marina)
José Rafael Ojeda Durán
(b. 1954)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Security and Civilian Protection
(Spanish: Secretaría de Seguridad y Protección Ciudadana)
Secretary of Security
(Spanish: Secretario de Seguridad)
Alfonso Durazo
(b. 1954)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Economy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Economia)
Secretary of Economy
(Spanish: Secretaria de Economía)
Graciela Márquez Colín
(b. 1963)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaría de Bienestar)
Secretary of Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaria de Bienestar)
María Luisa Albores González
(b. 1976)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of the Civil Service
Spanish: Secretaría de la Función Pública
Secretary of the Civil Service
Spanish: Secretaria de la Función Pública
Irma Sandoval-Ballesteros
(b. 1972)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Communications and Transportation
(Spanish: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes)
Secretary of Communications
(Spanish: Secretario de Comunicaciones)
Javier Jiménez Espriú
(b. 1937)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare
(Spanish: Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social)
Secretary of Labor
(Spanish: Secretaria del Trabajo)
Luisa María Alcalde Luján
(b. 1987)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources
(Spanish: Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales)
Secretary of Environment
(Spanish: Secretaria de Medio Ambiente)
Josefa González Blanco Ortíz Mena
(b. 1965)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Energy
(Spanish: Secretaría de Energía)
Secretary of Energy
(Spanish: Secretaria de Energía)
Rocío Nahle García
(b. 1964)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Agriculture and Rural Development
(Spanish: Secretaría de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural)
Secretary of Agriculture
(Spanish: Secretario de Agricultura)
Víctor Manuel Villalobos Arámbula
(b. 1950)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Public Education
(Spanish: Secretaría de Educación Pública)
Secretary of Education
(Spanish: Secretario de Educación)
Esteban Moctezuma
(b. 1954)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Health
(Spanish: Secretaría de Salud)
Secretary of Health
(Spanish: Secretario de Salud)
Jorge Alcocer Varela
(b. 1946)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaría de Turismo)
Secretary of Tourism
(Spanish: Secretaria de Turismo)
Miguel Torruco Marqués
(b. 1951)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Agrarian, Land, and Urban Development
Spanish: Secretaría de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano
Secretary of Agrarian Development and Urban Planning
Spanish: Secretario de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano
Román Meyer Falcón
(b. 1983)
December 1, 2018

Secretariat of Culture
Spanish: Secretaría de Cultura
Secretary of Culture
Spanish: Secretaria de Cultura
Alejandra Frausto GuerreroDecember 1, 2018

Legal Counsel of the Federal Executive
Spanish: Consejería Jurídica del Ejecutivo Federal
Legal Advisor
Spanish: Consejero Jurídico
Julio Scherer IbarraDecember 1, 2018

Cabinet-level administration offices

Meeting of the cabinet of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto

Some positions are not part of the legal Executive Cabinet, but have cabinet-level rank therefore their incumbents are considered members of the extended cabinet (Gabinete ampliado).

Some of the cabinet-level administration offices are:

DepartmentTitleIncumbentImagein Office since

National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
Director of National System for Integral Family Development
(Spanish: Director del Desarrollo Integral de la Familia)
December 1, 2018

National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
President of the National Institute for Women
(Spanish: Presidente del Instituto Nacional para las Mujeres)
Lorena Cruz SánchezJanuary 2013

National Commission of Sport
(Spanish: CONADE)
President of CONADE
(Spanish: Presidente del CONADE)
Ana GuevaraDecember 1, 2018

Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Presidencia de la Republica)
Chief of Staff
(Spanish: Jefe de la Presidencia)
Alfonso Romo GarzaDecember 1, 2018

National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Comision Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indigenas)
Commissioner for the Development of Indigenous Peoples
(Spanish: Comisionado para el desarrollo de pueblos indigenas.)
Roberto Serrano Altamirano2018

References