Cádiz

Cádiz (/kəˈdɪz/, also US: /ˈkdɪz, ˈkæd-, ˈkɑːd-/,[2][3][4] Spanish: [ˈkaðiθ]; see more below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the Province of Cádiz, one of eight that make up the autonomous community of Andalusia.

Cádiz
Cádiz
Location of Cádiz
Cádiz
Cádiz (Andalusia)
Cádiz
Cádiz (Province of Cádiz)
Coordinates: 36°32′06″N 06°17′51″W
CountrySpain
RegionAndalusia
ProvinceCádiz
FoundedPhoenicians; 1104 BC
Government
  TypeMayor–council
  BodyAyuntamiento de Cádiz
  MayorJosé María González (Adelante)
Area
  Total12.10 km2 (4.67 sq mi)
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total116,979
  Density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
DemonymsGaditano (m), Gaditana (f)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
11001
Dialing code(+34) 956
Patron SaintsSaint Servando & Saint Germán
Our Lady of the Rosary
Websitewww.cadiz.es

Cádiz, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Western Europe, with archaeological remains dating to the 8th century BC,[5][6][7][8] was founded by the Phoenicians.[9] It has been a principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. It is also the site of the University of Cádiz.

Situated on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea‚ Cádiz is, in most respects, a typically Andalusian city with well-preserved historical landmarks. The older part of Cádiz, within the remnants of the city walls, is commonly referred to as the Old Town (Spanish: Casco Antiguo). It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters (barrios), among them El Pópulo, La Viña, and Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cádiz typically have wide avenues and more modern buildings. In addition, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees allegedly brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World.