Calligraphy (fromGreekκαλλιγραφία (kalligraphía)'beautiful writing') is a visual art related to writing and is the design and execution of lettering with a pen, ink brush, or other writing instrument.:17 Contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner".:18
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Modern calligraphy ranges from functional inscriptions and designs to fine-art pieces where the letters may or may not be readable.[pageneeded] Classical calligraphy differs from type design and non-classical hand-lettering, though a calligrapher may practice both.