Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge (/ˈkmbrɪ/[4] KAYM-brij) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston. As of the 2020 United States Census, the city's population was 118,403, making it the fourth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, and Springfield.[5] It is one of two de jure county seats of Middlesex County, although the county's government was abolished in 1997. Situated directly north of Boston, across the Charles River, it was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, once also an important center of the Puritan theology embraced by the town's founders.[6]:18

Cambridge, Massachusetts
City
Motto(s): 
Literis Antiquis Novis Institutis Decora (Latin)
"Distinguished for Classical Learning and New Institutions"
"[1]
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Cambridge
Location in the United States
Cambridge
Cambridge (the United States)
Coordinates: 42°22′25″N 71°06′38″W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
RegionNew England
Settled1630
Incorporated1636
City1846
Named forCambridge University
Government
  TypeCouncil-City Manager
  MayorSumbul Siddiqui[2]
  Vice MayorAlanna Mallon
  City ManagerLouis A. DePasquale
Area
  Total7.10 sq mi (18.38 km2)
  Land6.39 sq mi (16.56 km2)
  Water0.70 sq mi (1.83 km2)
Elevation
40 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total118,403
  Density18,529.42/sq mi (7,182.02/km2)
  Demonym
Cantabrigian
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02138-02142
Area code(s)617 / 857
FIPS code25-11000
GNIS feature ID0617365
Websitecambridgema.gov

Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Lesley University, and Hult International Business School are in Cambridge,[7] as was Radcliffe College before it merged with Harvard. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet" owing to the high concentration of successful startups that have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010.[8][9]