Canchis Province


Canchis Province is one of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru.

Canchis
The Inca ruins in Raqch'i at the Willkanuta River in the Canchis Province are a common tourist attraction on the road between Cusco and Puno.
Flag
Location of Canchis in the Cusco Region
CountryPeru
RegionCusco
FoundedOctober 14, 1833
CapitalSicuani
Government
  MayorJorge Quispe Ccallo
Area
  Total3,999.27 km2 (1,544.13 sq mi)
Population
  Total95,774
  Density24/km2 (62/sq mi)
UBIGEO0806
Websitewww.municanchis.gob.pe

Geography


The Willkanuta River or Willkamayu is one of the largest rivers of the province. Siwinaqucha, the biggest lake of the province,[1] is also one of the biggest lakes of Peru.

The Willkanuta and La Raya mountain ranges traverse the province. One of the highest peaks of the province is Ausangate. Other mountains are listed below:[1]

History


After independence, the province was created as Tinta Province. On October 14, 1833, it was divided into two new provinces: Canchis Province and Canas Province. On August 29, 1834, the city of Sicuani became the official capital of Canchis Province.

Political division


The province is divided into eight districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The districts, with their capitals in parentheses, are:

Ethnic groups


The people in the province are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the first language of the majority of the population (58.59%), and Spanish of almost all the rest (41.14%).[2]

Archaeological sites


Raqch'i is an archaeological sites with remains of the Inca period. Other sites in the province are Ayamach'ay, Llamachayuq Qaqa and Machu Pitumarka.[3]

See also


Sources


  1. escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the Canchis and La Convención Province (Cusco Region)
  2. inei.gob.pe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007
  3. "Sitio Arqueológico de Machupitumarca". mincetur. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.