Cantal

Cantal (French pronunciation: [kɑ̃tal] (listen); Occitan: Cantal or Cantau) is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France, with its prefecture in Aurillac. Its other principal towns are Saint-Flour (the episcopal see) and Mauriac and its residents are known as Cantalians (French: Cantaliens or Cantalous). Cantal borders the departments of Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire, Aveyron, Lot, Lozère and Corrèze, in the Massif Central natural region.

Cantal
From top down, left to right: Château de Réghaud and surrounding landscape, Rhue River, Truyère River, Cheylade
Location of Cantal in France
Coordinates: 45°2′N 3°6′E
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
PrefectureAurillac
SubprefecturesMauriac
Saint-Flour
Government
  President of the Departmental CouncilBruno Faure (LR)
Area
  Total5,726 km2 (2,211 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total145,969
  Rank97th
  Density25/km2 (66/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number15
Arrondissements3
Cantons15
Communes246
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Along with Lozère and Creuse, Cantal is among the most sparsely populated and geographically isolated departments of France and Aurillac is the departmental capital farthest removed from a major motorway. It had a population of 145,969 in 2016, making it the country's 97th most populated department. Of the 96 metropolitan departments, it is the 5th least populated.