Canterbury (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Population||109,280 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||80,203 (2019 estimate) 73,779 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Canterbury, Whitstable|
|Member of Parliament||Rosie Duffield (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
The seat dates to the earliest century of regular parliaments, in 1295; it elected two MPs until 1885, electing one thereafter, before being altered by the later-termed Fourth Reform Act in 1918 (the first being in 1832). Currently the electorate, total of people eligible to vote, is much greater than the average nationwide (the electoral quota), termed under-apportionment of representation.
The seat takes in the cathedral and university city of Canterbury, rural villages to the south, and the seaside resort of Whitstable to the north.
- Constitutional status of seat
The widened Canterbury constituency was formed from an expansion of the narrow parliamentary borough (or simply borough) of the same name that existed from 1295 to 1918. This had elected two MPs from 1295 (the Model Parliament) until 1885, and then one until 1918.
- Political history
From 1835 (where a Conservative was elected on petition) until 2017, the local electorate elected candidates of the Conservative Party (with the exception of the election of Independent Unionist Francis Bennett-Goldney, MP from 1910–18); the seat was recognised in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest uninterrupted period of one party holding a Parliamentary seat. The election of Labour's Rosie Duffield, who won the seat by just 187 votes in the 2017 election, marked the end of a 185-year period of Canterbury always electing Conservative-allied MPs, the longest recorded unbroken record of party representation in British political history. She kept the seat, increasing her majority in 2019.
- Size of electorate
Voters locally are under-apportioned a large fraction of a seat, and so, representative – population having risen, and homes having increased in a planned way, since the 2001 United Kingdom Census from which seats are predominantly drawn. This can be illustrated in that 27,182 was the number of votes cast for the runner-up in 2019 amid a locally high, three-quarters, turnout election. Such voters for the runner-up were more than voted for the winner in 208 of the 535 English seats – and the second-highest such votes in the election, exceeded only in Stroud, by Labour's runner-up. In the same election 12,713 votes won Kingston upon Hull East; 14,557 votes won Stoke-on-Trent Central; 6,531 votes won Na h-Eileanan an Iar; 11,705 won Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross; 12,959 won Ynys Môn and 15,149 won South Antrim.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, the Rural Districts of Bridge and Elham, and the Rural District of Blean with the detached parts of the parishes of Dunkirk and Hernhill which were wholly surrounded by the rural district.
1950–1983: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, and the Rural District of Bridge Blean.
1983–1997: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham, Chestfield, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, Marshside, Northgate, North Nailbourne, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Stone Street, Sturry North, Sturry South, Swalecliffe, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap, and the Borough of Swale wards of Boughton and Courtenay.
1997–2010: as 1983 less the two Borough of Swale wards.
2010–present: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham and Stone Street, Chestfield and Swalecliffe, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, North Nailbourne, Northgate, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Sturry North, Sturry South, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap.
Members of Parliament
Parliamentary borough of Canterbury
- Constituency representation restored and reduced to one (1885)
|December 1910||Francis Bennett-Goldney||Independent Unionist|
|1918 by-election||George Anderson||Conservative|
|1918||Parliamentary borough abolished, name transferred to a new county division|
Canterbury county constituency
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Claire Malcomson||3,408||5.7||−2.3|
|Liberal Democrats||James Flanagan||4,561||8.0||−3.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.3|
|Liberal Democrats||James Flanagan||6,227||11.6||−20.9|
|Socialist (GB)||Robert Cox||165||0.3||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Guy Voizey||16,002||32.5||+11.1|
|Money Reform||Anne Belsey||173||0.4||New|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Barnard-Langston||10,059||21.1||+3.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Rocky van de Benderskum||326||0.7||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Wales||8,056||17.8||−6.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Vye||12,854||23.8||−8.8|
|Natural Law||Andrew Pringle||64||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||M J Vye||19,022||32.4||+5.1|
|Natural Law||SE Curphey||203||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||Linda A. Keen||9,494||16.9||+1.5|
|Independent Canterbury Nationalist||Joan White||157||0.28||New|
|Independent Nationalist||Joan White||226||0.44||New|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Joan White||941||1.41||-0.35|
|National Front||Kenneth McKilliam||1,096||1.76||+0.54|
|National Front||Kenneth McKilliam||831||1.22||New|
|Labour||Henry Gordon N Clother||15,172||25.31||-2.90|
|Liberal||David C P Gracie||11,553||19.27||-2.68|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Edwin W Moss||11,962||21.95||+3.39|
|Labour||George Selous Cobbett||15,211||29.47||-4.33|
|Liberal||Edwin W Moss||9,582||18.56||New|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||George E Peters||15,746||33.80||+0.35|
|Labour||Reginald George Ward||14,444||33.45||+2.42|
|Labour||John A E Jones||9,560||33.01||+1.98|
|Conservative||John Baker White||28,632||61.09||+5.14|
|Labour||John A E Jones||14,543||31.03||+0.27|
|Liberal||Thomas H Payne||3,695||7.88||-5.42|
|Conservative||John Baker White||26,491||55.95||-6.66|
|Liberal||Kenneth Graham Jupp||6,296||13.30||N/A|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||John Baker White||24,282||61.61||-11.73|
|Labour||Joseph Denis Milburn Bell||14,115||35.81||+10.15|
|Common Wealth||Catherine Williamson||1,017||2.58||New|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Philip Sidney Eastman||4,706||13.9||New|
|Liberal||William Robertson Heatley||8,561||41.6||New|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||1,371||38.8||−24.9|
|Ind. Conservative||Francis Bennett-Goldney||1,350||38.2||New|
|Liberal||H. B. D. Woodcock||815||23.0||−13.3|
|Ind. Conservative||Francis Bennett-Goldney||1,635||47.8||+9.6|
|Liberal||William James Fisher||623||18.2||−4.8|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.2|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Francis Bennett-Goldney
- Liberal: D. Roland Thomas
|Unionist||George Knox Anderson||Unopposed|
|Unionist gain from Independent Unionist|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||2,719||19.2||New|
|Unionist gain from Independent Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||2,210||63.7||N/A|
|Liberal||William James Fisher||1,262||36.3||New|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Robert Peter Laurie||1,425||26.4||−3.5|
|Turnout||2,702 (est)||73.6 (est)||−2.1|
After findings of corruption, the writ for Canterbury was suspended and the election result voided. The constituency was reconstituted in 1885.
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||1,804||68.6||+15.1|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||Robert John Biron||873||18.6||+5.0|
|Turnout||2,351 (est)||75.7 (est)||−20.8|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||−0.9|
Butler-Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.
Majendie resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||Robert Peter Laurie||1,159||51.2||−10.4|
Elections in the 1860s
Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||John Walter Huddleston||737||26.7||N/A|
|Turnout||1,381 (est)||86.1 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Henry Butler-Johnstone||1,453||31.9||New|
|Conservative||John Walter Huddleston||1,157||25.4||−1.3|
|Conservative||Henry James Lee Warner||709||15.6||−22.2|
|Turnout||2,896 (est)||96.5 (est)||+10.4|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
Elections in the 1850s
Denison was elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Baron Londesborough, and causing a by-election.
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Conservative||Henry Plumptre Gipps||766||29.1||N/A|
|Turnout||1,317 (est)||70.3 (est)||−1.2|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
- Smythe retired before polling. The election was declared void on petition, due to bribery, and the writ suspended on 21 February 1853. A by-election was called to replace both MPs in August 1854.
|Peelite||Charles Manners Lushington||727||28.6||−0.5|
|Conservative||Charles Lennox Butler||671||26.4||−2.4|
|Whig||Charles Purton Cooper||406||16.0||N/A|
|Turnout||1,272 (est)||64.5 (est)||−5.8|
|Peelite gain from Conservative||Swing||−3.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.7|
|Whig||Charles Purton Cooper||477||23.3||+12.5|
|Turnout||1,026 (est)||54.7 (est)||−15.6|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+20.2|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||Thomas Charles Pelham-Clinton||641||22.3||N/A|
|Turnout||1,437 (est)||71.5 (est)||−4.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+0.5|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Bradshaw's death
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||720||31.7||−17.3|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+7.7|
|Whig||John Wright Henniker Wilson||628||44.3||−4.7|
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||17||1.2||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+4.1|
- Caused by Denison's resignation
Elections in the 1830s
|Conservative||Henry Plumptre Gipps||751||25.3||+9.5|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+9.8|
|Conservative||Stephen Rumbold Lushington||658||31.7||New|
- On petition, Villiers was declared unduly elected and Lushington declared elected.
|No label||William Percy Honeywood Courtenay||375||18.6||New|
|Tory||Henry Bingham Baring||731||23.0|
|No label||Samuel Elias Sawbridge||8||0.3|
|No label||George Milles||8||0.3|
|Whig gain from Tory||Swing|
Notes and references
- "Canterbury: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "History of Parliament 1386-1421". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- History of Parliament
- P. R. Cavill (2009). The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504. OUP Oxford. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-19-161026-4.
- "History of Parliament 1509-1558". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "History of Parliament 1558-1603". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Browne Willis
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
- Sir William Hardres was re-elected in 1734, but the result was overturned on petition and his seat awarded in 1735 to Sir Thomas Hales
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, FWS (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 158–160. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Boase, George Clement (1897). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 156.
- "The Elections". West Kent Guardian. 31 July 1847. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Important Notice". Kentish Gazette. 3 August 1847. p. 2 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- A petition was lodged against the 1837 result, but withdrawn
- A petition was lodged against the result of the by-election in February 1841, but it was dismissed
- "The Nomination". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 26 February 1859. p. 6 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "County Intelligence". Dover Express. 19 February 1859. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Latest Intelligence". Worcestershire Chronicle. 6 March 1850. p. 8 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Norfolk Chronicle. 19 August 1854. p. 2 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "England and Wales". The Spectator. 14 March 1857. p. 9.
- "Election News". Perthshire Advertiser. 17 August 1854. p. 2 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Sir William Somerville was known from 1863 as The Lord Athlumney
- le Grys Norgate, Gerald (1898). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- A petition was lodged against the 1865 result, but withdrawn
- "Canterbury 1660-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "Canterbury Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
- "Candidates standing in Kent and Medway across Kent's 17 parliamentary constituencies". Kent Online.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "CANTERBURY 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Canterbury and Whitstable parliamentary campaign launch". Canterbury District Green Party. 20 November 2014.
- "General Election - Campaign News - The Socialist Party of Great Britain". worldsocialism.org. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Independence Party »". Candidates.ukip.org. Archived from the original on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "Canterbury". Politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 11 June 1987. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 9 June 1983. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 28 May 1979. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 10 October 1974. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 28 February 1974. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 18 June 1970. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Standard 21 May 1914
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Canterbury Election Petition". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 19 June 1880. pp. 2–4.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- "Canterbury". The Daily Telegraph and Courier. 29 January 1874. p. 5 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury Election". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 10 May 1879 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Freemen & Electors of the City of Canterbury". Kentish Gazette. 4 March 1862. p. 1 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 12 September 1868. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury". Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser. 5 December 1868. p. 2 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". The Spectator. 10 July 1852. p. 2.
- "Imperial Parliament". Leeds Times. 26 February 1853. p. 8 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury Election". Kentish Gazette. 22 August 1854. p. 3 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Eadie, Alan, "Charles Purton Cooper, QC (1793-1873)", Provincial Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of Kent, p. 3 – via British Newspaper Archive Missing or empty
- "Canterbury Journal". Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette. 12 August 1854. p. 3.
- "The elections for the five delinquent and suspended boroughs". The Spectator. 19 August 1854. p. 3.
- "The Forthcoming Elections". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 19 August 1854. p. 3 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Atlas". 6 February 1841. pp. 4–5 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Farrell, Stephen. "Canterbury". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 9 April 2020.