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French heralds used the term armes parlantes (English: "talking arms"), as they would sound out the name of the armiger. Many armorial allusions require research for elucidation because of changes in language and dialect that have occurred over the past millennium.
Canting arms – some in the form of rebuses – are quite common in German civic heraldry. They have also been increasingly used in the 20th century among the British royal family. When the visual representation is not straightforward but as complex as a rebus, this is sometimes called a rebus coat of arms. An in-joke among the Society for Creative Anachronism heralds is the pun, "Heralds don't pun; they cant."
Examples of canting arms
Personal coats of arms
A famous example of canting arms are those of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's paternal family, the Bowes-Lyon family. The arms (pictured below) contain the bows and blue lions that make up the arms of the Bowes and Lyon families.
- Maus family: a mouse in the first and fourth quarters.
Municipal coats of arms
Municipal coats of arms which interpret the town's name in rebus form are also called canting. Here are a few examples.
- Châteaurenard: Château = castle; Renard = fox
- Eberbach (1976): Eber = boar; Bach = brook (wavy blue fess)
- The coat of arms of the village of Hensbroek in North Holland interprets the toponym as "hen-breeches" (the toponym is unrelated to either "hen" or "breeches", deriving from the personal name Hein and the Dutch cognate of "brook", i.e. "Henry's brook".)
- Berlin (1954): Bär = bear
- Torrevieja (1829): Torre = tower, vieja = old
- Łódź: Łódź = boat
- Wolfsburg: Wolf's Castle
- Örnsköldsvik (1894): Örn = Eagle, Sköld = Shield and Vik = Bay.
- Füssen: Füssen = feet
- Schaffhausen: Schaf = sheep, Haus = house
- Steinhaus: Stein = stone, Haus = house
- Schattendorf: Schatten = shadow, Dorf = village
- Hadersdorf-Kammern: Hader = quarrel, Dorf = village
Ecclesiastical coats of arms
- Neznanich, Modar. "Heraldry for Those Who Cant" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2012. Cites 72 historical examples of canting arms, as well as SCA usage.
- Englefield, Eric (1979). Flags. Ward Lock. p. 104.
- Room, Adrian (1988). Dictionary Of Place Names In The British Isles. Bloomsbury. p. 128.
- Schneider, Klaus-Michael. "Municipality of Manacor". Flags of the World. CRW Flags. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Bishop Boyea arms". Diocese of Lansing. Roman Catholic Diocese of Lansing. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Bishop Barres arms". Diocese of Rockville Centre. Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockville Centre. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Meaning of Arms". Heraldica.org. 2001-06-20.