Canvey Island

Canvey Island is a civil parish and reclaimed island in the Thames estuary, near Southend-on-Sea in Essex, England. It has an area of 7.12 square miles (18.44 km2) and a population of 38,170.[1] It is separated from the mainland of south Essex by a network of creeks. Lying only just above sea level, it is prone to flooding at exceptional tides and has been inhabited since the Roman conquest of Britain.

Canvey Island

Aerial view from the south east of Canvey Island

Canvey Island and the surrounding environment
Canvey Island
Location within Essex
Population38,170 (2011)[1]
  • Civil parish 2,031/km2 (5,260/sq mi)
  • Urban Area 4,703/km2 (12,180/sq mi) [2]
OS grid referenceTQ789829
Civil parish
  • Canvey Island
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSS8
Dialling code01268
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°31′30″N 00°34′21″E

The island was mainly agricultural land until the 20th century, when it became the fastest-growing seaside resort in Britain between 1911 and 1951. The North Sea flood of 1953 devastated the island, killing 58 islanders and leading to the temporary evacuation of the 13,000 residents.[3] Canvey is consequently protected by modern sea defences comprising 2 miles (3.2 km) of concrete sea walls.[4]

Canvey Island is also notable for its relationship to the petrochemical industry. The island was the site of the first delivery in the world of liquefied natural gas by container ship and later became the subject of an influential assessment on the risks to a population living within the vicinity of petrochemical shipping and storage facilities.