Cape Town

Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad; [ˈkɑːpstat], Xhosa: iKapa, Khoekhoe: ǁHui !gaeb) is the oldest and second largest city in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and also the legislative capital of South Africa.

Cape Town
Kaapstad  (Afrikaans)
iKapa  (Xhosa)
ǁHui !gaeb  (Khoekhoe)
From top, left to right: Cape Town's City Bowl Skyline, Cape Town at the foot of Table Mountain as seen from Bloubergstrand, Clifton beach, Strand, Port of Cape Town, Victoria & Alfred Waterfront.
Nicknames: 
Mother City, Tavern of the Seas, West side
Motto(s): 
Spes Bona (Latin for "Good Hope")
Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town
Coordinates: 33°55′31″S 18°25′26″E
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
MunicipalityCity of Cape Town
Founded1652
Municipal government1839
Government
  TypeMetropolitan municipality
  MayorDan Plato (DA)
  Deputy MayorIan Neilson (DA)
Area
  Total2,461 km2 (950 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,590.4 m (5,217.8 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
  Total3,740,026
  Estimate 
(2016)[3]
4,005,016
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Capetonian
Racial makeup (2011)
  Black38.6%
  Coloured42.4%
  Indian/Asian1.4%
  White15.7%
  Other1.9%
First languages (2011)
  Afrikaans34.9%
  Xhosa29.2%
  English27.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal codes (street)
7400–8099
PO box
7000
GMPUS$78.7 billion[4]
GMP per capitaUS$19,656[4]
Websitewww.capetown.gov.za

Colloquially named the Mother City,[5] it is the largest city of the Western Cape province[6] and forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality. The Parliament of South Africa is situated in Cape Town.[7] The other two capitals are located in Gauteng (Pretoria the executive capital where the Presidency is based) and in the Free State (Bloemfontein the judicial capital where the Supreme Court of Appeal is located).[8] The city is known for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point. Cape Town is home to 49% of the Western Cape's population.[9] The city was named the World Design Capital for 2014 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design.[10]

In 2014, Cape Town was named the best place in the world to visit by both The New York Times[11] and The Daily Telegraph.[12] Cape Town has also been a host city for both the 1995 Rugby World Cup and 2010 FIFA World Cup, and annually hosts the Africa leg of the World Rugby 7s.[13]

Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town, as the oldest urban area in the Western Cape, it was developed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East. Jan van Riebeeck's arrival on 6 April 1652 established the VOC Cape Colony, the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. Cape Town outgrew its original purpose as the first European outpost at the Castle of Good Hope, becoming the economic and cultural hub of the Cape Colony. Until the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the development of Johannesburg, Cape Town was the largest city in South Africa.