Capture of Rome

The Capture of Rome (Italian: Presa di Roma) on September 20, 1870, was the final event of the long process of Italian unification also known as the Risorgimento, marking both the final defeat of the Papal States under Pope Pius IX and the unification of the Italian peninsula under King Victor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy.

Capture of Rome
Presa di Roma
Part of the wars of Italian Unification

The Breach of Porta Pia, by Carlo Ademollo (1880)
Date20 September 1870
Location
Result

Italian victory

Territorial
changes
Rome and Latium annexed to the Kingdom of Italy
Belligerents
Italy  Papal States
Commanders and leaders
Strength
50,000 13,157
Casualties and losses
49 killed, 133 wounded[1] 19 killed, 68 wounded[1]

The capture of Rome ended the approximate 1,116-year reign (AD 754 to 1870) of the Papal States under the Holy See and is today widely memorialized throughout Italy with the Via XX Settembre street name in a considerable number of localities.