Carbonia, Sardinia


Carbonia (pronounced [karˈbɔːnja] listen ) is a town and comune in the Province of South Sardinia, Sardinia, Italy. Along with Iglesias it was a co-capital of the former province of Carbonia-Iglesias, now suppressed. It is located in the south-west of the island, at about an hour by car or train from the regional capital, Cagliari.

Carbonia
Comune di Carbonia
panorama
Location of Carbonia
Carbonia
Location of Carbonia in Sardinia
Carbonia
Carbonia (Sardinia)
Coordinates: 39°10′2″N 8°31′20″E
CountryItaly
RegionSardinia
ProvinceSouth Sardinia
FrazioniBacu Abis, Barbusi, Cannas, Corongiu, Cortoghiana, Genna Corriga, Flumentepido, Is Gannaus, Is Meis, Medadeddu, Medau Desogus, Serbariu, Sirai, Sirri
Government
  MayorPaola Massidda
Area
  Total145.54 km2 (56.19 sq mi)
Elevation
111 m (364 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
  Total28,265
  Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carboniesi or Carboniensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
09013
Dialing code0781
Patron saintSt. Pontian
Saint dayThird Thursday of May
WebsiteOfficial website

History


Piazza Roma.

Carbonia was founded on the 18 December 1938 by the Fascist regime. Benito Mussolini ordered the building of the city and was present at its inauguration. The city was built to provide housing for the workforce of the nearby mines. The name Carbonia comes from the Italian word for coal, abundant in the area.

Vitale Piga was appointed mayor of Carbonia and served in that capacity from September 28, 1939 to April 24, 1942.[2] Piga authored a book on the coalfields of the Sulcis region titled Ilgiacimento carbonifero del Sulcis: Carbonia.[3]

The city has grown since its founding in 1938 due to immigration from elsewhere on the island and from mainland Italy (in particular from the regions of Veneto, Sicily, Abruzzo, Marche, Basilicata and Campania), reaching about 45,000 residents in 1951. Currently it has a population of over 28,000.

Since the closing of the mines in the 1970s, Carbonia has had a high unemployment rate. After the closure of the mines the town's economy was converted to the metallurgical industry. Today most Carbonians are employed in heavy industry, and in the tertiary sector.

Main sights


  • Monte Sirai, a hill in the surroundings of the city that hosts the ruins of a Phoenician-Carthaginian built-up area
  • Domus de janas in the surroundings of Sirri and Monte Crobu
  • Romanesque church of Santa Maria di Flumentepido (11th century)
  • Former Serbariu coal mine, now turned into a museum and a site of industrial archaeology

Government


International relations


Carbonia is twinned with:

References


  1. Population data from Istat
  2. "Carbonia ieri sera ha ricordato Vitale Piga, podestà della città dal 28 settembre 1939 al 24 aprile 1942". La Provincia del Sulcis Iglesiente (in Italian). Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  3. Piga, Vitale (1938). Il giacimento carbonifero del Sulcis: Carbonia (in Italian). Confederazione Fascista Dei Lavoratori Dell'industria.