Cardiff

Cardiff (/ˈkɑːrdɪf/; Welsh: Caerdydd [kairˈdiːð, kaːɨrˈdɨːð] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of Wales. It forms a principal area, officially known as the City and County of Cardiff (Welsh: Dinas a Sir Caerdydd), and the city is the eleventh-largest in the United Kingdom. Located in the south-east of Wales and in the Cardiff Capital Region, Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan and in 1974–1996 of South Glamorgan. It belongs to the Eurocities network of the largest European cities.[5] A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a port for coal when mining began in the region helped its expansion. In 1905 it was ranked as a city and in 1955 proclaimed capital of Wales. Cardiff Built-up Area covers a larger area outside the county boundary, including the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth.

Cardiff
Caerdydd
City and County of Cardiff
Dinas a Sir Caerdydd
Nickname(s): 
The City of Castles,
City of Arcades
The ‘Diff
Motto(s): 
"Y ddraig goch ddyry cychwyn"
English: ("The red dragon will lead the way")
From crest on the coat of arms: “Deffro mae’n ddydd!”
English: (“Awake, it is day!”)
City and County of Cardiff
and location in Wales
Cardiff
Location within Wales
Cardiff
Location within the United Kingdom
Cardiff
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 51°28′54″N 03°10′45″W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Wales
Ceremonial county South Glamorgan
Historic County Glamorgan
Principal AreaCardiff
Local governmentCardiff Council
City status1905
Capital city1955
Government
  Cardiff Council Leader Huw Thomas
  Senedd
  UK Parliament
Area
  Capital city and principal area140.3 km2 (54.2 sq mi)
  Urban
75.72 km2 (29.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Capital city and principal area362,400 (Ranked 1st) from Office for National Statistics
  Urban
479,000[2]
  Metro
1,097,000 (Cardiff-Newport)
  Cardiff Capital Region
1,543,293 (est)
Demonym(s)Cardiffian
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Post codes
Area code(s)029
Vehicle area codesCA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF, CG, CH, CJ, CK, CL, CM, CN, CO
Police ForceSouth Wales
Fire ServiceSouth Wales
Ambulance ServiceWelsh
Primary AirportCardiff Airport
Motorways and trunk roads
Commuter railValleys & Cardiff Local Routes
Ethnicity
(2011 Census)[3]
  • 84.7% White
  • 8.0% Asian
  • 2.4% Black
  • 2.9% Mixed Race
  • 2.0% Other
GDPUS$36.0 billion[4]
GDP per capitaUS$29,674[4]
Websitewww.cardiff.gov.uk

Cardiff is the main commercial centre of Wales as well as the base for the Senedd. At the 2011 census, the unitary authority area population was put at 346,090,[6] and the wider urban area at 479,000.[7] In 2011 it ranked sixth in the world in a National Geographic magazine list of alternative tourist destinations.[8] It is the most popular destination in Wales with 21.3 million visitors in 2017.[9]

Cardiff is a major centre for television and film production (such as Doctor Who, Torchwood and Sherlock) and is the Welsh base for the main national broadcasters.

Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building (housing the Senedd, the Welsh Parliament) and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex. Work continues at Cardiff Bay and in the centre, on projects such as Cardiff International Sports Village, BBC drama village,[10] and a new business district.[11]


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