Cardinal Secretary of State

The Secretary of State of His Holiness (Italian: Segretario di Stato di Sua Santità), commonly known as the Cardinal Secretary of State, presides over the Holy See's Secretariat of State, which is the oldest and most important dicastery of the Roman Curia.[1] The Secretariat of State performs all the political and diplomatic functions of the Holy See and the Vatican City. The Secretary of State is sometimes described as the prime minister of the Holy See,[2] even though the nominal head of government of Vatican City is the President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State.

Secretary of State of His Holiness
Segretario di Stato di Sua Santità
Incumbent
Pietro Parolin

since 15 October 2013
Secretariat of State
StyleHis Eminence
Member ofRoman Curia
Council of Cardinals
Reports toThe Pope
AppointerThe Pope
Term lengthAppointment of a new Pope
Formation20 November 1551
First holderGirolamo Dandini
Unofficial namesCardinal Secretary of State

The Secretary of State is currently Cardinal Pietro Parolin.[3]